Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Saltillo Mansion

Artist:
Edward Hopper (American, Nyack, New York 1882–1967 New York)
Date:
1943
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
21 1/4 x 27 1/8 in. (54 x 68.9 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
George A. Hearn Fund, 1945
Accession Number:
45.157.2
Not on view
Hopper and his wife Jo traveled to Mexico in the summer of 1943, seeking a change of scene and new subjects for Hopper's art. After stopping in Mexico City, they traveled 500 miles north to Saltillo, a smaller city whose cool, dry climate and views of nearby mountains made it a popular destination for vacationers. The Hoppers stayed at a hotel called the Guarhado House on Victoria Street, and Hopper painted several watercolors from the hotel roof. From this height, he could see the mountains over the buildings of the city, but his depictions of the scene still suggest the urban development that was blocking his enjoyment of the natural setting. In another work, he showed the colorful towers of Saltillo's eighteenth-century cathedral, a reminder of the city's roots as a Spanish settlement; here, however, he limits his scope to a partial view of some domestic architecture. The houses' simple, blocklike forms, trimmed with lattices and decorative carving, are a dazzling white against the sky and the distant hills. Hopper had initially complained that Saltillo was noisy and congested, but from his rooftop he could project onto this new setting the same stillness and solitude that pervaded his scenes of New York and New England.
Inscription: Signed (lower left): EDWARD HOPPER
[Frank K. M. Rehn Gallery, New York, until 1945; sold to MMA]

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Edward Hopper Retrospective Exhibition," February 11–March 26, 1950, no. 127.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Edward Hopper Retrospective Exhibition," April 13–May 14, 1950, no. 127.

Detroit Institute of Arts. "Edward Hopper Retrospective Exhibition," June 4–July 2, 1950, no. 127.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Juliana Force's Selections for The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 1–May 11, 1980, no catalogue.

Marseille. Musée Cantini. "Edward Hopper," June 23–September 24, 1989, unnumbered cat. (p. 96).

Washington, D. C. National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. "Edward Hopper: The Watercolors," October 22, 1999–January 3, 2000, unnumbered cat. (fig. 142).

Montgomery, Ala. Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts. "Edward Hopper: The Watercolors," January 30–March 26, 2000, unnumbered cat.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "American Drawings, 1900–1950: Selections from the Permanent Collection," October 24, 2005–April 24, 2006, no catalogue.

Gail Levin. Edward Hopper: A Catalogue Raisonné. Vol. 2, Watercolors. New York, 1995, p. 311, no. W-342, ill.

Virginia Mecklenburg. Edward Hopper: The Watercolors. Exh. cat., National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D. C., 1999, pp. 145, 162, fig. 142 (color).

Gail Levin. The Complete Watercolors of Edward Hopper. New York, 2001, p. 311, no. W-342, ill. (color) [reprints Ref. Levin 1995].



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