Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

La Coiffure

Artist:
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France )
Date:
1906
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
68 7/8 x 39 1/4in. (174.9 x 99.7cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Wolfe Fund, 1951; acquired from The Museum of Modern Art, Anonymous Gift
Accession Number:
53.140.3
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 830
Although today art historians associate a woman at her toilette with Edgar Degas's famous series of nude bathers, shown in Paris at the 1886 Impressionist exhibition and repeated in his oeuvre until about 1910, it is unlikely that Picasso could have seen many examples. Degas had drawn inspiration from the Neoclassical painter Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and that same source was used by Pierre Puvis de Chavannes and Auguste Renoir in their development of the theme at the end of the nineteenth century. In an odd twist, however, Picasso chose to suppress in this picture all the eroticism that normally attends the subject. Instead, he turns the picture into a contrapuntal variation on the Holy Family, with echoes of Leonardo's "Virgin and Saint Anne" at the Musée du Louvre.
Picasso painted this composition on a much-used canvas: there are at least three complete paintings beneath the present surface.
Inscription: Signed (lower left): Picasso
[Galerie Vollard, Paris; probably bought from the artist in November 1906–at least 1911]; [André Level, Paris]; [Hugo Perls, Berlin, by January 1926–until 1930; sold on May 8, 1930, for $11,000, to Matisse and Dudensing]; [Pierre Matisse, New York, in shares with Valentine Dudensing, New York, from 1930; sold to Clark]; Stephen C. Clark, New York (ca. 1930–37; his anonymous gift in 1937 to the Museum of Modern Art, New York); Museum of Modern Art, New York (1937–51, acc. no. 451.37; deaccessioned in September 1947 for sale to MMA; sale completed in 1951, transferred in December 1953 to MMA)

Berlin. Ausstellungshaus der Secession. "XXII Ausstellung der Berliner Secession," 1911, no. 192.

New York. Valentine Gallery. "Exhibition of 7 Outstanding Paintings by Picasso," March 6–April 1, 1933, no. 2.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Summer Exhibition: Painting and Sculpture," July 10–September 30, 1933, no catalogue.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Modern European Art," October 3–27, 1933, no catalogue.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Masterpieces of Picasso," July 16–September 7, 1941, no catalogue.

Utica, N. Y. Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," November 1–24, 1941, no. 51.

Durham, N. C. Duke University. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," November 29–December 20, 1941, no. 51.

Kansas City, Mo. William Rockhill-Nelson Art Gallery. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," January 24–February 14, 1942, no. 51.

Milwaukee Art Institute. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," February 20–March 13, 1942, no. 51.

Michigan. Grand Rapids Art Gallery. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," March 23–April 13, 1942, no. 51.

Hanover, N. H. Dartmouth College. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," April 27–May 18, 1942, no. 51.

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Vassar College Art Gallery. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," May 20–June 15, 1942, no. 51.

Wellesley, Mass. Wellesley College. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," September 27–October 18, 1942, no. 51.

Sweet Briar, Va. Sweet Briar College. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," October 28–November 18, 1942, no. 51.

Williamstown, Mass. Williams College. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," November 28–December 19, 1942, no. 51.

Bloomington. Indiana University. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," January 1–22, 1943, no. 51.

Alton, Ill. Monticello College. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," Febeuary 5–26, 1943, no. 51.

Portland, Ore. Portland Art Museum. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," April 1–30, 1943, no. 51.

Paris. Grand Palais (peintures) and Petit Palais (dessins, sculptures, céramiques). "Hommage à Pablo Picasso," November 20, 1966 –February 28, 1967, no. 32.

Vienna. Österreichisches Museum für Angewandte Kunst. "Pablo Picasso," April 24–June 30, 1968, no. 7.

Tokyo National Museum. "Treasured Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art," August 10–October 1, 1972, no. 104.

Kyoto Municipal Museum. "Treasured Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 8–November 26, 1972, no. 104.

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Richmond. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. "Picasso: Painting and Prints," November 18–December 22, 1974, no catalogue.

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Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux. "Profil du Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York: de Ramsès à Picasso," May 15–September 1, 1981, no. 226.

Madrid. Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo. "Picasso, 1881–1973: Exposición antológica," November 5–December 27, 1981, no. 43.

Barcelona. Museu Picasso. "Picasso, 1881–1973: Exposición antológica," January 11–February 28, 1982, no. 43.

Canberra. Australian National Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," March 1–April 27, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 14).

Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," May 7–July 1, 1986, unnumbered cat.

Barcelona. Museu Picasso. "Picasso, 1905–1906: De l'epoca rosa als ocres de Gósol," February 5–April 19, 1992, no. 192.

Kunstmuseum Bern. "Picasso, 1905–1906: De l'epoca rosa als ocres de Gósol," May 8–June 26, 1992, no. 192.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Picasso: The Early Years, 1892–1906," September 10, 1997–January 4, 1998, no. 147.

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New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895–1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 21).

Paris. Musée Picasso. "Picasso—Ingres," March 16–June 21, 2004, no. 18.

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New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde," September 13, 2006–January 7, 2007, no. 149.

Art Institute of Chicago. "Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde," February 17–May 13, 2007, no. 149.

Paris. Musée d'Orsay. "De Cézanne à Picasso: Chefs d'oeuvre de la galerie Vollard," June 19–September 16, 2007, no. 96.

Paris. Grand Palais. "Picasso et les maîtres," October 8, 2008–February 2, 2009, unnumbered cat. (p.137).

National Gallery, London. "Picasso: Challenging the Past," February 25–June 7, 2009, no. 10.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Picasso in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 27–August 1, 2010, no. 30.

Amsterdam. Van Gogh Museum. "Eating Fire: Picasso's Discovery of Paris (1900-1907)," February 18–May 30, 2011, unnumbered cat. (pl. 99).

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Fine Arts 20 (May 1933), frontis. and p. 4, ill.

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Alfred H. Barr Jr. Picasso: Fifty Years of His Art. New York, 1946, pp. 43, 254, 282, ill.

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Joan Merli. Picasso, el artista y la obra de nuestro tiempo. 2nd ed. (1st ed.,1942). Buenos Aires, 1948, pl. 147, ill.

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Denys Sutton. Picasso, Peintures: Époques bleue et rose. 2nd ed. (1st ed., 1948). Paris, 1955, fig. 54.

Frank Elgar and Robert Maillard. Picasso: Étude de l'oeuvre. Paris, 1955, pp. 32, 267, ill.

Frank Elgar and Robert Maillard. Picasso: A Study of His Work. New York, 1956, p. 36, ill.

Antonina Vallentin. Pablo Picasso. Paris, 1957, p. 128.

Julio E. Payró. Picasso y el ambiente artístico-social contemporáneo. Buenos Aires, 1957, fig. 12.

Phoebe Pool. "Sources and Background of Picasso's Art, 1900–6." Burlington Magazine 101 (May 1959), p. 179 n. 24, p. 181.

Maurice Raynal. Picasso. Geneva, 1959, p. 34, ill.

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Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 3, XIX–XX Centuries. New York, 1967, pp. 232–33, ill.

Pierre Daix and Georges Boudaille. Picasso: The Blue and Rose Periods: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings, 1900–1906. Greenwich, Conn., 1967, pp. 90–92, 98, 102, 284, 289, no. XIV.20, ill.

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Edward Burns, ed. Staying on Alone: Letters of Alice B. Toklas. New York, 1973, pp. 77, 79, 81.

Domenico Porzio and Marco Valsecchi. Understanding Picasso. New York, 1974, pl. 23.

Richard J. Wattenmaker. Puvis de Chavannes and the Modern Tradition. Exh. cat., Art Gallery of Ontario. Toronto, 1975, p. 174 n. 3, p. 175.

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Carol Hynning Smith. Master Drawings and Watercolors of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, 1979, p. 78.

Ronald Christ. "Picasso's Hands: The Mutability of Human Form." ArtsCanada no. 236–37 (September–October 1980), p. 22, ill.

Josep Palau i Fabre. Picasso: The Early Years, 1881–1907. New York, 1981, pp. 441, 549, no. 1213, ill.

Pablo Picasso. Tokyo, 1981, pl. 32.

William S. Lieberman in Profil du Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York: de Ramsès à Picasso. Exh. cat., Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux. Bordeaux, 1981, pp. 174–75, no. 226, ill., dates it 1905–6.

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Kay Larson. "The Met Goes Modern: Bill Lieberman's Brave New Wing." New York Magazine 19 (December 15, 1986), p. 47.

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Gary Tinterow et al. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 8, Modern Europe. New York, 1987, p. 114, colorpl. 91.

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Georges Boudaille, with Marie-Laure Bernadac, and Marie-Pierre Gauthier. Picasso. Secaucus, N.J., 1987, p. 31, fig. 45.

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