Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Golgotha

Artist:
Romare Bearden (American, Charlotte, North Carolina 1911–1988 New York)
Date:
1945
Medium:
Watercolor, ink, and graphite on paper
Dimensions:
19 7/8 x 25 1/2 in. (50.5 x 64.8 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Bequest of Margaret Seligman Lewisohn, in memory of her husband Sam A. Lewisohn, 1954
Accession Number:
54.143.9
Rights and Reproduction:
Art © Romare Bearden Foundation/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
Not on view
In 1945 Golgotha was exhibited as part of the series of eleven watercolors titled The Passion of Christ in Bearden's first major New York gallery show. His knowledge of Cubism is apparent in the flattened space and angular forms, and the areas of bright color framed by black outlines reveal his admiration for the stained-glass windows of medieval churches. Golgotha was also directly influenced by Duccio's fourteenth-century Maestà altarpiece in the Siena cathedral. Bearden borrowed Duccio's overall composition of the Crucifixion scene as well as the poses and gestures of the figures that watch from the base of the cross.
Inscription: Signed (lower right): Bearden
Margaret Seligman Lewisohn, New York (until d. 1954; her bequest to MMA)

New York. Samuel M. Kootz Gallery. "Romare Bearden: First New York Exhibition," October 8–27, 1945, no. 10.

Brooklyn. Bedford-Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation. "Selected Works by Black Artists from the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 14–June 14, 1976, unnumbered cat.

New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, The Arsenal. "Selected Works by Black Artists from the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 7–March 30, 1979, no catalogue.

Detroit Institute of Arts. "Romare Bearden: Origins and Progressions," September 16–November 16, 1986, no. 1.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "African-American Artists, 1929–1945: Prints, Drawings, and Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 15–May 4, 2003, extended to July 6, 2003, no. 24.

Myron Schwartzman. Romare Bearden: His Life and Art. New York, 1990, pp. 136–37, ill.

Lowery S. Sims. "African American Artists and Postmodernism: Reconsidering the Careers of Wifredo Lam, Romare Bearden, Norman Lewis, and Robert Colescott." African American Visual Aesthetics: A Postmodernist View. Ed. David C. Driskell. Washington, 1995, p. 104, fig. 4.2.

Lisa Gail Collins in African-American Artists, 1929–1945: Prints, Drawings, and Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2003, pp. 52–53, no. 24, ill. (color).

Lisa Mintz Messinger in African–American Artists, 1929–1945: Prints, Drawings, and Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2003, p. 51.



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