Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Jeanne Hébuterne (1898–1920)

Artist:
Amedeo Modigliani (Italian, Livorno 1884–1920 Paris)
Date:
1919
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
36 x 28 3/4 in. (91.4 x 73 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold, 1956
Accession Number:
56.184.2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 914
Modigliani depicted his mistress, Jeanne Hébuterne (1898-1920), in more than twenty works but never in the nude. Her casual white chemise suggests modesty while also hiding her pregnancy. When Modigliani died from tuberculosis in 1920, Jeanne committed suicide the following day.
Inscription: Signed (upper right): modigliani
[Leopold Zborowski, Paris]; [Louis Libaude, Paris]; ?[Galerie Bing, Paris, in 1925]; Monsieur R. B. (until 1937; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 3, 1937, no. 18, as "Déshabillé au fauteuil," for Fr 30,000); Georges Hyordey, ?Paris (1937–possibly 1951); [Galerie Bing, Paris, until 1951; sold to Lindon]; [Jacques Lindon, New York, 1951; sold on September 26, 1951 to Spingold]; Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold, New York (1951–56; their gift to MMA)

Paris. Bing & Cie. "Modigliani," October 24–November 15, 1925, no. 4 or 19 (as "Madame Modigliani" or "Portrait de Madame Modigliani").

London. Arthur Tooth & Sons Ltd. "Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920," March 17–April 9, 1938, no. 20 (as "Portrait d'Hébuterne assise," 1918).

Paris. Galerie de France. "Modigliani, 1884–1920: Peintures," December 21, 1945–January 31, 1946, no. 30 (as "Portrait de Madame Hébuterne," 1918).

New York. Paul Rosenberg & Co. "Collectors' Choice: Masterpieces of French Art from New York Private Collections," March 17–April 18, 1953, no. 26 (as "Portrait of Mme. Hébuterne," 1918, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Nate and Frances Spingold Collection," March 23–June 19, 1960, unnumbered cat. (as "Jeanne Hébuterne").

Edinburgh. Royal Scottish Academy. "Modigliani," August 17–September 15, 1963, no. 45 (as "Jeanne Hébuterne [en Chemise]").

London. Tate Gallery. "Modigliani," September 28–November 3, 1968, no. 45.

Waltham, Mass. Dreitzer Gallery, Spingold Theater, Brandeis University. "Nate B. and Frances Spingold Collection," June 11–16, 1965, no catalogue.

National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. "Modigliani," July 19–September 29, 1985, no. 124.

Nagoya. Aichi Prefectural Art Gallery. "Modigliani," October 23–November 7, 1985, no. 124.

Canberra. Australian National Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," March 1–April 27, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 37).

Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," May 7–July 1, 1986, unnumbered cat.

London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Italian Art in the 20th Century: Painting and Sculpture 1900–1988," January 14–April 9, 1989, no. 64 (as "Portrait of Jeanne Hébuterne").

Düsseldorf. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen. "Amedeo Modigliani. Malerei—Skulpturen—Zeichnungen," January 19–April 1, 1991, no. 88 (as "Bildnis Jeanne Hébuterne," 1918).

Kunsthaus Zürich. "Amedeo Modigliani. Malerei—Skulpturen—Zeichnungen," April 19–July 7, 1991, no. 88.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895–1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 41) [withdrawn early for Exh. Venice 2000].

Venice. Fondazione Giorgio Cini. "Modigliani e i suoi: Jeanne Hébuterne, André Hébuterne, Georges Dorignac, Amedeo Modigliani," October 8–December 24, 2000, no. 142.

Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," September 14–November 24, 2002, no. 35.

Tokyo. Bunkamura Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 7, 2002–March 9, 2003, no. 35.

Jewish Museum, New York. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," May 21–September 19, 2004, unnumbered cat. (pl. 74).

Washington, D. C. Phillips Collection. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," February 19–May 29, 2005, unnumbered cat.

London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Modigliani and His Models," July 8–October 15, 2006, no. 38.

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920," February 4–May 6, 2007, no. 131.

Berlin. Neue Nationalgalerie. "Französische Meisterwerke des 19. Jahrhunderts aus dem Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," June 1–October 7, 2007, unnumbered cat. (p. 261).

J[acques]. L[assaigne]. "Une Rétrospective Modigliani." Panorama des arts (January 1946), ill. p. 11, as "Jeanne Hébuterne".

Pierre Descargues. Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920. Paris, 1951, pl. 42, as "Portrait de Hébuterne assise," in the collection of Jacques Lindon.

Paolo D'Ancona. Modigliani, Chagall, Soutine, Pascin: Some Aspects of Expressionism. Milan, 1953, pp. 23–25, ill. (color), calls it "Mme Hébuterne Seated"; dates it 1918 in the text and 1917 in the caption.

Alfred M. Frankfurter. "Collectors and Million-Dollar Taste." Art News 52 (March 1953), p. 25, ill.

Arthur Pfannstiel. Modigliani et son œuvre. Paris, 1956, p. 153, no. 290, calls it "Jeune fille en chemise (Mme H.)" and dates it 1918; erroneously locates it as still in the Jacques Lindon collection.

Ambrogio Ceroni. Amedeo Modigliani, peintre: Suivi des "souvenirs' de Lunia Czechowska. Milan, 1958, p. 69, no. 152, ill. (color), as "Jeanne Hébuterne (en chemise)," 1918; erroneously locates it still in the Spingold collection.

John Russell. Modigliani. Exh. cat., Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh. 1963, p. 21, no. 45, colorpl. 30, dates it late summer or autumn 1918 during Hébuterne's first pregnancy.

Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 3, XIX–XX Centuries. New York, 1967, p. 241, ill., note that it was probably painted before Hébuterne gave birth in November 1918.

Ambrogio Ceroni. I dipinti di Modigliani. Milan, 1970, pp. 104–5, no. 326, ill. [French ed., 1972], calls it "Jeanne Hébuterne in Camicia" and dates it 1919; erroneously lists it as still in the Spingold collection.

J[oseph]. Lanthemann. Modigliani, 1884–1920, catalogue raisonné: Sa vie, son œuvre complet, son art. Barcelona, 1970, p. 131, no. 347, ill. p. 251, calls it "Jeanne Hébuterne, le doigt à la joue" and dates it 1919.

Bernard Zürcher. Modigliani. London, 1981, pp. 23–24, 31, colorpl. 69.

Claude Roy. Modigliani. 2nd rev. ed [1st ed., 1958]. New York, 1985, p. 96, ill. p. 126 (color), as "Portrait of Jeanne Hébuterne in a Chemise," 1918.

Terence Measham in 20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., Australian National Gallery. Canberra, 1986, p. 37, ill. (color) and back cover (color), dates it 1918 when Hébuterne "was almost certainly pregnant"; notes that among the more than twenty known portraits of Hébuterne, this is the only one depicting her less than fully dressed.

Gary Tinterow et al. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 8, Modern Europe. New York, 1987, p. 125, colorpl. 103, date it 1918, noting that it was painted in the south of France during Hébuterne's first pregnancy.

Thérèse Castieau-Barrielle. La Vie et l'œuvre de Amedeo Modigliani. Paris, 1987, p. 220, ill. (color), calls it "Portrait de Jeanne Hébuterne en chemise".

Osvaldo Patani. Amedeo Modigliani: Catalogo generale. Vol. 1, Dipinti. Milan, 1991, p. 328, no. 338, ill. (color), dates it 1919.

Christian Parisot. Modigliani: Catalogue raisonné. Ed. Giorgio and Guido Guastalla. Vol. 2, Peintures, dessins, aquarelles. Livorno, 1991, pp. 340–41, no. 11/1919, ill. p. 240.

Anette Kruszynski. Amedeo Modigliani: Portraits and Nudes. Munich, 1996, pp. 74, 119, ill. p. 71 (color detail), dates it 1918.

The Reader's Digest Collection. Sotheby's, New York. November 16, 1998, p. 106, under no. 25, fig. 4 (color).

Christian Parisot et al. in Modigliani e i suoi: Jeanne Hébuterne, André Hébuterne, Georges Dorignac, Amedeo Modigliani. Exh. cat., Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice. Borgaro Torinese, 2000, pp. 227–28, 236, no. 142, ill. p. 215 (color), date it 1919, during Hébuterne's second pregnancy.

Christian Parisot. Modigliani: La Vita le opere. Rome, 2006, ill. p. 287 (color).

Kathleen Brunner in Modigliani and His Models. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 2006, p. 150, notes that Modigliani made about twenty-five portraits of Hébuterne.

Jeffrey Meyers. Modigliani: A Life. Orlando, 2006, p. 210.

Sabine Rewald in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 176, 237, no. 131, ill. (color and bw), notes that Modigliani painted twenty-some-odd portraits of Hébuterne.

Sabine Rewald in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 208, 278–79, no. 192, ill. (color and bw).

Marc Restellini. Le Silence éternel: Modigliani-Hébuterne 1916–1919. Paris, [2008], p. 142, compares it to "Jeanne Hébuterne aux épaules nues" (1919; private collection).

Christoph Vitali, ed. Amedeo Modigliani: Ein Mythos der Moderne. Exh. cat., Kunst und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn. Cologne, 2009, pp. 128, 182, no. 117, ill. (color).



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