Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Water of the Flowery Mill

Artist:
Arshile Gorky (American (born Armenia), Khorkom 1904–1948 Sherman, Connecticut)
Date:
1944
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
42 1/4 x 48 3/4 in. (107.3 x 123.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
George A. Hearn Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
56.205.1
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
Water of the Flowery Mill is part of a group of landscape-inspired works that Gorky produced during the last six years of his life. Based on
his study of an old mill and bridge on the Housatonic River in Connecticut, it also evokes the artist’s nostalgia for Armenia, from which
he and his family had fled some twenty years earlier. Influenced by Surrealism, Gorky’s fluid, biomorphic abstraction translates the landscape into flat, overlapping fields of color and seems to anticipate the gestural brushwork of Abstract Expressionism, a movement that emerged in the 1950s.
Inscription: Signed and dated (upper left): A. Gorky/ 44
[Julien Levy Gallery, New York, 1944–at least 1951; acquired from the artist]; [Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, by 1953–56; sold to MMA]

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Fourteen Americans," September 9–December 8, 1946, no. 32 (lent by Julien Levy Gallery).

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Vassar College. "Fourteen Americans," January 5–26, 1947, no. 32.

Palm Beach, Fla. Society of the Four Arts. "Fourteen Americans," February 7–March 7, 1947, no. 32.

Cincinnati Modern Art School. "Fourteen Americans," March 20–April 17, 1947, no. 32.

San Francisco Museum of Art. "Fourteen Americans," May 1–June 1, 1947, no. 32.

Baton Rouge. Louisiana State University Museum of Art. "Fourteen Americans," June 15–30, 1947, no. 32.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Arshile Gorky Memorial Exhibition," January 5–February 18, 1951, no. 36 (lent by Mr. Julien Levy).

Minneapolis. Walker Art Center. "Arshile Gorky Memorial Exhibition," March 4–April 22, 1951, no. 36.

San Francisco Museum of Art. "Arshile Gorky Memorial Exhibition," May 9–July 9, 1951, no. 36.

New York. Sidney Janis Gallery. "Arshile Gorky in the Final Years," February 16–March 14, 1953, no. 3.

Moscow. Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre. "American Painting and Sculpture. American National Exhibition," July 25–September 5, 1959, no. 25.

Venice. Biennale. "XXXI Esposizione Biennale internazionale d'arte," June 16–October 7, 1962, no. 14.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Arshile Gorky: Paintings, Drawings, Studies," December 19, 1962–February 12, 1963, no. 63.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Three Centuries of American Painting," April 9–October 17, 1965, unnum. checklist.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940–1970," October 18, 1969–February 1, 1970, no. 91.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Masterpieces of Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 16–November 1, 1970, unnumbered cat. (p. 116).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries," November 14, 1970–June 1, 1971, no. 395.

New York. Sidney Janis Gallery. "25 Years of Janis, Part II: From Pollock to Pop, Op and Sharp-Focus Realism," March 13–April 13, 1974, no. 25.

Ithaca, N. Y. Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. "Abstract Expressionism: The Formative Years," March 30–May 14, 1978, no. 61.

Tokyo. Seibu Museum of Art. "Abstract Expressionism: The Formative Years," June 17–July 12, 1978, no. 61.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Abstract Expressionism: The Formative Years," October 5–December 3, 1978, no. 61.

Cleveland Museum of Art. "The Spirit of Surrealism," October 3–November 25, 1979, no. 84.

New York. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. "Arshile Gorky, 1904–1948: A Retrospective," April 24–July 19, 1981, no. 160.

Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. "Arshile Gorky, 1904–1948: A Retrospective," September 11–November 8, 1981, no. 160.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Arshile Gorky, 1904–1948: A Retrospective," December 3, 1981–February 28, 1982, no. 160.

New York. Sidney Janis Gallery. "The Expressionist Image: American Art from Pollock to Today," October 9–30, 1982.

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. "La Grande Parade: Highlights in Painting after 1940," December 15, 1984–April 15, 1985, no. 96.

New York. Studio Museum in Harlem. "Wifredo Lam and His Contemporaries 1938–1952," December 6, 1992–April 11, 1993, no. 3.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Arshile Gorky: The Breakthrough Years," May 7–September 17, 1995, no. 11.

Buffalo. Albright-Knox Art Gallery. "Arshile Gorky: The Breakthrough Years," October 13–December 31, 1995, no. 11.

Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth. "Arshile Gorky: The Breakthrough Years," January 13–March 17, 1996, no. 11.

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective," October 21, 2009–January 10, 2010, unnumbered cat. (pl. 118).

Howard Devree. "By Contemporaries." New York Times (April 2, 1950), p. 104.

Ethel Schwabacher. Arshile Gorky Memorial Exhibition. Exh. cat., Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, 1951, pp. 33, 46–47, no. 36.

James Fitzsimmons. "The Late Gorky." Art Digest 27 (March 1, 1953), p. 16.

Henry Geldzahler. American Painting in the Twentieth Century. New York, 1965, p. 181, ill.

A. L. Chanin. Art Guide/ New York. New York, 1965, p. 101, fig. 152.

Julien Levy. Arshile Gorky. New York, 1966, p. 35.

Mahonri Sharp Young. "The Metropolitan Museum of Art Centenary Exhibitions I. The New York School." Apollo 90 (November 1969), p. 430, fig. 1.

Edward Lucie–Smith. Art Today: From Abstract Expressionism to Surrealism. London, 1977, colorpl. 37.

Harry Rand. Arshile Gorky: The Implication of Symbols. Montclair, N. J., 1981, pp. 92–97, figs. 6-7, 6-8 (detail and overall).

Jim M. Jordan in Jim M. Jordan and Robert Goldwater. The Paintings of Arshile Gorky: A Critical Catalogue. New York, 1982, pp. 448–50, no. 292, ill.

Melvin P. Lader. Gorky. New York, 1985, p. 77, colorpl. 72.

Eugene Victor Thaw. "The Abstract Expressionists." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 44 (Winter 1986–87), p. 9, fig 2.

Kathleen Howard, ed. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. 2nd ed. (1st ed., 1983). New York, 1994, p. 445, no. 25, ill. (color).

Michael R. Taylor in Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective. Ed. Michael R. Taylor. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, 2009, pp. 22, 107, 390, colorpl. 118.

Melissa Kerr in Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective. Ed. Michael R. Taylor. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, 2009, p. 362.



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