Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

The Lighthouse at Two Lights

Artist:
Edward Hopper (American, Nyack, New York 1882–1967 New York)
Date:
1929
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
29 1/2 x 43 1/4 in. (74.9 x 109.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Hugo Kastor Fund, 1962
Accession Number:
62.95
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 900
In this work, Hopper isolates the dramatic silhouette of a lighthouse against an open expanse of blue sky. Set on a rocky promontory in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, the architecture is bathed in bright sunlight offset by dark shadows. Standing proudly upright and seen from below, the lighthouse at Two Lights seems to symbolize a resolute resistance, even refusal, to submit to change or nature. For Hopper, who had been summering in Maine since 1914, the lighthouse also signified a pleasurable reprieve from life in New York.
Inscription: Signed (lower right): Edward Hopper
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Tucker, New York (1929–at least 1933); Mr. and Mrs. Richard D. Tucker, New York (by 1950–at least 1959); Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Fleischman, Detroit (in 1960); [Frank K.M. Rehn Galleries, New York, until 1962; sold to MMA]

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Paintings by 19 Living Americans," December 13, 1929–January 12, 1930, no. 36 (lent by Mrs. Samuel A. Tucker).

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "American Painting and Sculpture, 1862–1932," October 31, 1932–February 11, 1933, no. 53 (as "Lighthouse," lent by Mrs. Samuel Tucker, New York).

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Edward Hopper: Retrospective Exhibition," October 30–December 8, 1933, no. 14 (lighthouse identified as in Cape Elizabeth, Maine; lent by Mrs. Samuel A. Tucker).

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Edward Hopper Retrospective Exhibition," February 11–March 26, 1950, no. 33 (as "Lighthouse at Two Lights," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Richard D. Tucker).

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Edward Hopper Retrospective Exhibition," April 13–May 14, 1950, no. 33.

Detroit Institute of Arts. "Edward Hopper Retrospective Exhibition," June 4–July 2, 1950, no. 33.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Painting and Sculpture from the American National Exhibition in Moscow," October 28–November 15, 1959, unnumbered cat. (p. 10; lent by Richard D. Tucker).

Milwaukee Art Center. "American Painting 1760–1960: A Selection of 125 Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Fleischman, Detroit," March 3–April 3, 1960, unnumbered cat. (p. 84).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Three Centuries of American Painting," April 9–October 17, 1965, unnum. checklist.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries," November 14, 1970–June 1, 1971, no. 392.

Moscow. State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. "Representations of America," December 15, 1977–February 15, 1978, no catalogue.

Leningrad. State Hermitage Museum. "Representations of America," March 15–May 15, 1978, no catalogue.

Minsk, Belarus. Palace of Art. "Representations of America," June 15–August 15, 1978, no catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Tribute to a Curator: Robert Beverly Hale," November 16, 1978–March 4, 1979, unnum. checklist.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Edward Hopper: The Art and the Artist," September 16, 1980–January 25, 1981, unnumbered cat. (pl. 194).

London. Hayward Gallery. "Edward Hopper: The Art and the Artist," February 11–March 29, 1981, unnumbered cat.

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. "Edward Hopper: The Art and the Artist," April 22–June 17, 1981, unnumbered cat.

Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. "Edward Hopper: The Art and the Artist," July 10–September 6, 1981, unnumbered cat.

Art Institute of Chicago. "Edward Hopper: The Art and the Artist," October 3–November 29, 1981, unnumbered cat.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Edward Hopper: The Art and the Artist," December 16, 1981–February 10, 1982, unnumbered cat.

Canberra. Australian National Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," March 1–April 27, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 55).

Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," May 7–July 1, 1986, unnumbered cat.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "14 Americans," July 16, 1990–January 2, 1991, unnum. checklist.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Edward Hopper," May 6–August 19, 2007, no. 52.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Edward Hopper," September 16, 2007–January 21, 2008, no. 52.

Art Institute of Chicago. "Edward Hopper," February 16–May 11, 2008, no. 52.

Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. "Earth, Sea, and Sky. Nature in Western Art: Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 6, 2012–January 4, 2013, no. 110.

Beijing. National Museum of China. "Earth, Sea, and Sky. Nature in Western Art: Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 1–May 9, 2013, no. 110.

Guy Pène du Bois. Edward Hopper. New York, 1931, pp. 28–29, ill.

American Artists Group. Edward Hopper. New York, 1945, unpaginated, ill.

Lloyd Goodrich. Edward Hopper. London, 1949, p. 15, pl. 11.

Robert Beverly Hale. "American Paintings and Sculpture." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 21 (October 1962), pp.. 58–59, ill.

Henry Geldzahler. "Edward Hopper." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 21 (November 1962), pp. 113–15, fig. 1.

Henry Geldzahler. American Painting in the Twentieth Century. New York, 1965, p. 78, ill.

Lloyd Goodrich. Edward Hopper. New York, 1978, ill. p. 73 (color).

Japanese Artists Who Studied in the U. S. A. and the American Scene. Exh. cat., National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, 1982, p. 120, ill.

Barbara Burn, ed. Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 300, ill. (color).

Kathleen Howard, ed. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. 2nd ed. (1st ed., 1983). New York, 1994, p. 444, no. 23, ill. (color).

Gail Levin. Edward Hopper: A Catalogue Raisonné. Vol. 3, Oils. New York, 1995, p. 192, no. O-266, ill. (color).

Carol Troyen et al. Edward Hopper. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston, 2007, pp. 107, 248, no. 52, ill. p. 109.

Tomàs Llorens in Hopper. Exh. cat., Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza. Madrid, 2012, p. 66, fig. 61 (color).



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