Image: 11 1/8 in. x 14 ft. 8 3/4 in. (28.3 x 448.9 cm)
Overall with mounting: 12 1/4 in. x 38 ft. 1 15/16 in. (31.1 x 1163.2 cm)
Purchase, Bequest of Dorothy Graham Bennett, 1985
Not on view
Illustrations of historical paragons of piety and loyalty have been an important method of transmitting those virtues since at least the Han dynasty (206B.C.–A.D. 220). In the eleventh century, the scholar-artist Li Gonglin (ca. 1041–1106) gave new meaning to this tradition with his Classic of Filial Piety, in which simple monochrome drawings not only illustrate the text but also present subtle commentaries on contemporary society. In this painting, Wang Shanggong, a little-known artist from Suzhou, reinvigorated the role of artist as social critic by reviving the Li Gonglin tradition in both subject matter and style. Living under the rule of the Wanli emperor (r. 1573–1620), who refused to come to court for the last twenty-five years of his reign, Wang presented interpretations of important themes, such as officials admonishing their ruler and the emperor receiving his ministers, which must have held particular significance for his contemporaries. Wang's extraordinarily fine baimiao (plain-drawing) style was inspired by the monochrome drawing method of Li Gonglin but attained a new level of gossamer thinness and delicacy that anticipates the stylistic innovations of such better-known late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century artists as Ding Yunpeng, Wu Bin, and Chen Hongshou.
Inscription: Artist's inscriptions and signature (3 columns in standard script)
寳翰樓 金粟後身 王上宮印 真子 龍燦 天奇 白龍潭上漁人 研旅
Unidentified Artist, 1 column in semi-cursive script, undated; 1 seal:
Dai Zhi 戴植 （19th c.） 古潤戴培之收藏書畫私印 戴氏芝農藏書畫印 翰墨軒芝道人供養
Zhang Xueliang 張學良 （1901–2001） 囗之子 臨溟張氏珍藏 毅庵
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The New Chinese Galleries: An Inaugural Installation," 1997.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of the Ming Dynasty: China's Age of Brilliance," January 23, 2009–September 13, 2009.