Art/ Collection/ Art Object

明 董其昌 溪山樾館圖 軸 紙本
Shaded Dwellings among Streams and Mountains

Dong Qichang (Chinese, 1555–1636)
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
ca. 1622–25
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Image: 62 3/8 x 28 3/8 in. (158.4 x 72.1 cm) Overall with mounting: 99 x 33 1/8 in. (251.5 x 84.1 cm) Overall with knobs: 99 x 37 in. (251.5 x 94 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1979
Accession Number:
Not on view
Dong Qichang, the foremost landscape painter and theorist of the early seventeenth century, pursued artistic reform. Reacting against what he perceived as the decadent, perverse trends of contemporary landscape painting, Dong, following in the literati tradition, sought a creative reconstruction of the past through the critical study of ancient styles. In an attempt to restore simplicity and vitality to painting, Dong advocated a spiritual correspondence with the art of the old masters rather than a literal imitation of them and underscored the importance of self-expression. Approaching painting as though it were calligraphy, Dong alternated positive and negative patterns in his landscapes, which resulted in a radical new kinesthetic style.

Shaded Dwellings among Streams and Mountains, based on a work by the early master Dong Yuan (act. 930s–60s), is a complex calligraphic study of rock and tree forms conceived as an integration of abstract, cubic, and dynamically expressive masses that embody and are unified by the kinetic energy of the artist's physical movements.
Inscription: Artist's inscription and signature (6 columns in bold, large, semi-cursive script)

I once saw Dong Beiyuan's [Dong Yuan, died 962] painting Shaded Dwellings among Streams and Mountains at the eunuch Zhu's place in the Imperial Academy. I made a sketch copy and kept it in my satchel, and have just now completed the [painting]. It shows quite some resemblance. Xuanzai

董北苑 《溪山樾館圖》,往在北扉得觀朱黃門所,因臨粉本篋中,今始成此,頗有肖似。玄宰

Artist's seals

Zongbo Xueshi 宗伯學士
Dong Xuanzai 董玄宰

Collectors' seals

Zhang Jing 張經 (before 1861)
Zhang Jing siyin 張經私印
Shending zhencang 審定珍藏

Kong Guangtao 孔廣陶 (1832–1890)
Yuexue Lou 嶽雪樓
Nanhai Kong Guangtao shending jinshi shuhua yin 南海孔廣陶審定金石書畫印

Kong Guangyong 孔廣鏞 (act. mid-19th century)
Guangyong siyin 廣鏞私印

Li Ziyun 李子雲 (20th c.)
Li Wuben Tang cang shuhua zhi yin 李務本堂藏書畫之印
Li Ziyün shending zhang 李子雲審定章

Mu Si 穆思 (Earl Morse, 1908–1988)
Mu Si shoucang mingji 穆思收藏名迹

Huang shi Huaixuan Tang yin 黃氏懷蘐堂印
Douglas Dillon
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