This painting represents three of Beckmann’s great loves: cabaret and vaudeville, jazz, and his wife, Quappi. A trained violinist, she never played the banjo as she does here. Had Beckmann not added her name to the title, it would be difficult to recognize her. He painted the first version of this work in Berlin in 1934 but revised it in Amsterdam in 1937.
the artist, New York (until 1940s); [Buchholz Gallery, New York, 1949]; Adelaide Milton de Groot, New York (1949–d. 1967; on extended loan to the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Conn., 1950–56; her bequest to MMA)
Hartford, Conn. Wadsworth Atheneum. "Adelaide Milton de Groot Loan Collection," January 10–February 12, 1950, unnum. checklist (as "Carnival").
Bellevue, Wash. Bellevue Art Museum. "Five Thousand Years of Faces," January 30–July 30, 1983, unnumbered cat. (as "Carnival").