Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Open No. 35: In Raw Umber on Sized Canvas

Artist:
Robert Motherwell (American, Aberdeen, Washington 1915–1991 Provincetown, Massachusetts)
Date:
1968–69
Medium:
Polymer paint and charcoal on canvas
Dimensions:
76 x 144 in. (193 x 365.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Anonymous Gift, 1969
Accession Number:
69.277.2
Not on view
private collection, New York (1968–69; their gift to MMA)

New York. Marlborough–Gerson Gallery Inc. "Robert Motherwell: Selections from a Current Series 'Open' 1967–1969," May 13–June 7, 1969, unnumbered cat. (as "'Open' No. 35 raw umber on sized canvas") [earlier state].

Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. "Robert Motherwell," September 3–October 10, 1976, no. 36 (as "Open No. 35 Raw Umber").

Kulturhuset, Stockholm. "Robert Motherwell," November 12, 1976–January 9, 1977, no. 36.

Vienna. Museum des 20.Jahrhunderts. "Robert Motherwell," March 8–April 11, 1977, no. 36.

ARC/Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. "Robert Motherwell: Choix de peintures et de collages, 1941–1977," June 21–September 20, 1977, unnumbered cat. (as "Open N 35, Raw Umber").

Edinburgh. Royal Scottish Academy. "Robert Motherwell: Choix de peintures et de collages, 1941–1977," October 15–November 27, 1977, unnumbered cat.

London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Robert Motherwell: Paintings and Collages from 1941 to the Present," January 14–March 19, 1978, no. 15 (as "Open No. 35, Raw Umber").

H. H. Arnason. "Motherwell: The Window and the Wall." Art News 68 (Summer 1969), p. 66.

Henry Geldzahler in "Twentieth Century Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1965–1975. New York, 1975, p. 211, ill., calls it "Open No. 35, raw umber on sized canvas".

Orville O. Clarke, Jr. "Motherwell Reappraised." Artweek 14 (September 24, 1983), p. 13, calls it "Open #35".

Robert Saltonstall Mattison. "The Art of Robert Motherwell During the 1940s." PhD diss., Princeton University, June 1985, p. 170, fig. 147, calls it "Open No. 35".

Eugene Victor Thaw. "The Abstract Expressionists." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 44 (Winter 1986–87), p. 49, calls it "Number 35".

Thomas McEvilley. The Exile's Return: Toward a Redefinition of Painting for the Post–Modern Era. Cambridge, England, 1993, p. 49.

Thomas McEvilley. "Seeking the Primal Through Paint: The Monochrome Icon." Capacity: History, the World, and the Self in Contemporary Art and Criticism. Amsterdam, 1996, p. 79, reprint Ref. McEvilley 1993.

Corinna Thierolf. Amerikanische Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts in der Pinakothek der Moderne. Ostfildern–Ruit, 2002, p. 290, fig. 1, calls it "Open No. 35 (Raw Umber)".

Donald Kuspit. "The Dialectic of Open and Closed in Robert Motherwell's 'Open' Series." Robert Motherwell: Open. London, 2009, p. 84, ill. p. 50 (color), calls it "Open No. 35" in the text and "Open No. 35 (Raw Umber)" in the caption.

Jack Flam, Katy Rogers, and Tim Clifford. Robert Motherwell Paintings and Collages: A Catalogue Raisonné, 1941–1991. Vol. 2, Paintings on Canvas and Panel. New Haven, 2012, p. 240, no. P429, ill., date it 1968–69; note that after Exh. New York 1969, "Motherwell added the white accents along the bottom left corner of the umber rectangle".



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