[Ambroise Vollard, Paris, 1938–d. 1939; acquired from the artist on July 12, 1938; his bequest to Galéa]; Madeleine de Galéa, Paris (from 1939); [Sam Salz, New York, until 1952; sold on November 6, 1952 to Gelman]; Jacques and Natasha Gelman, Mexico City and New York (1952–his d. 1986); Natasha Gelman, Mexico City and New York (1986–d. 1998; her bequest to MMA)
Cleveland Museum of Art. "Rouault Retrospective Exhibition 1953," January 28–March 15, 1953, unnumbered cat. (p. 19; dated ca. 1925, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Gelman, Mexico, D.F.).
Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Georges Rouault," March 31–May 31, 1953, unnumbered cat.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Twentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection," December 12, 1989–April 1, 1990, unnumbered cat. (p. 210).
London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Twentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection," April 19–July 15, 1990, unnumbered cat.
Mexico City. Centro Cultural Arte Contemporáneo. "La Colección de Pintura Mexicana de Jacques y Natasha Gelman," June 23–October 11, 1992, not in catalogue.
Martigny. Fondation Pierre Gianadda. "De Matisse à Picasso: Collection Jacques et Natasha Gelman," June 18–November 1, 1994, unnumbered cat. (p. 235).
"The Glow of Compassion." Time 62 (July 27, 1953), ill. p. 70 (color), dates it 1925 and locates it in the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Gelman.
Jacques Maritain. Georges Rouault (1871– ). New York, 1954, colorpls. 23, 24 (overall and detail), dates it about 1925.
Pierre Courthion. Georges Rouault. New York, , p. 467, no. 238, ill. p. 428, calls it "Christ and Doctors," dates it 1937 or 1938, and locates it in the collection of Jacques Gelman, Mexico.
Maurice Brillant. "Rouault's Thoughts about Sacred Art." Homage to Georges Rouault (Special issue of the XXe Siècle Review). New York, 1971, ill. p. 74, calls it "Christ and Doctors" and locates it in a private collection, Mexico.
Bernard Dorival and Isabelle Rouault. Rouault, l'œuvre peint. Monte-Carlo, 1988, vol. 2, p. 86, no. 1544, ill., call it "Christ (et docteurs)" and date it 1937 or 1938.
Sabine Rewald inTwentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S. Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, pp. 210–12, 314, ill. (color and bw).