Ascetic, sharp features give the composer an aristocratic look. Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) modeled for Rodin, though the sittings were difficult to endure for the nervous composer, who saw rest as "time wasted away from his work," as Alma Mahler remembered.
Inscription: Signed (on right side of the neck): A. Rodin
Marking: Inscribed (on back of the neck, at left): A. Rudier
Carl Moll, Vienna (commissioned from the artist in 1909; sold to Kallir); [Otto Kallir, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, by 1938–45; sale, Parke Bernet Galleries, Inc., New York, January 17–18, 1945, no. 151, sold to Zinser]; Richard Zinser (from 1945); Jacques and Natasha Gelman, Mexico City and New York (until his d. 1986); Natasha Gelman, Mexico City and New York (1986–d. 1998; her bequest to MMA)
New York. Galerie St. Etienne. "French Masters: 19th and 20th Century," February 29–March 23, 1940, no catalogue (checklist no. 8; as "Portrait Gustav Mahler").
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Twentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection," December 12, 1989–April 1, 1990, unnumbered cat. (p. 127).
London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Twentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection," April 19–July 15, 1990, unnumbered cat.
Martigny. Fondation Pierre Gianadda. "De Matisse à Picasso: Collection Jacques et Natasha Gelman," June 18–November 1, 1994, unnumbered cat. (p. 151).
Edward Alden Jewell. "French Art Work is Displayed Here." New York Times (March 1, 1940), p. 16.
John L. Tancock. The Sculpture of Auguste Rodin: The Collection of the Rodin Museum, Philadelphia. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, 1976, pp. 552–55, no. 99, ill. (not this cast).
Sabine Rewald inTwentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S. Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, pp. 126–29, 314, ill. (color and bw).
Véronique Mattiussi inRodin and Vienna. Ed. Agnes Husslein-Arco and Stephan Koja. Exh. cat., Belvedere. Vienna, 2010, pp. 118–29, 167, 175, ill. (color) (reproduces other casts).