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清 王鑑 仿古山水圖 冊 紙本
Landscapes in the styles of old masters

Artist:
Wang Jian (Chinese, 1609–1677 or 1688)
Artist:
Title piece by Wang Shimin (Chinese, 1592–1680)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1668
Culture:
China
Medium:
Album of ten paintings; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Each leaf: 10 1/8 x 6 1/2 in. (25.7 x 16.5 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 1979
Accession Number:
1979.439a–o
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 216
Wang Jian, teacher of Wang Hui and close friend of Wang Shimin, stands at the center of the group of scholar-artists who endeavored to establish a new orthodoxy in painting through the vigorous study of past masters. In this gemlike album, Wang re-created in miniature scale the idioms of Song (960–1279) and Yuan (1279–1368) dynasty masters. Conscious of his own role as a transmitter, Wang inscribed each leaf with the name of the artist whose style he interpreted together with an appropriate couplet by the Tang dynasty poet Du Fu (712–770).
Inscription: Artist’s inscriptions and signatures

Leaf C (3 columns in semi-cursive script):

After Huang Gongwang (1269–1354)

澗水空山道,柴門老樹邨。
倣子久。

Leaf D (3 columns in standard script):

After Zhao Mengfu (1254–1322)

徑石相縈帶,川雲自去留。
倣松雪。

Leaf E (3 columns in standard script):

After Liu Guandao (active ca. 1275–1300)

修竹不受暑,交流空湧波。
倣貫道。

Leaf F (3 columns in standard script):

After Huichong (ca. 965–1017)

滿谷山雲起,侵籬澗水懸。
倣惠崇。

Leaf G (3 columns in semi-cursive script):

After Zhao Lingrang (active ca. 1070–after 1100)

雜花分戶映,嬌燕入簾廽。
倣大年。

Leaf H (3 columns in standard script):

After Juran (act.ca. 960–95)

澗寒人欲到,林黑鳥應棲。
倣巨然。

Leaf I (3 columns in standard script):

After Li Cheng (919–967)

燭斜初近見,舟重竟無聞。
倣李成。

Leaf J (3 columns in standard script):

After Wu Zhen (1280–1354)

蜀星陰見少,江雨夜聞多。
倣仲圭。

Leaf K (3 columns in standard script):

After Wang Meng (ca. 1308–1385)

風落收松子,天寒割蜜房。
倣叔明。

Leaf L (3 columns in standard script):

After Ni Zan (1306–1374)

野潤煙光薄,沙暄日色遲。
倣雲林。

Leaf M (11 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1668):

余三十年前在虞山錢牧翁坐上得交馨之道兄,見其評論法書名畫及三代鼎彜如指掌列眉,不爽毫髮。後余移居金閶,每得一古玩即邀之鍳賞,相與印證。時皆少壯,興致飛揚,今俱白頭落魄。余則貧病杜門,馨老則寄居蕭寺,兩人暮年失意,亦復相似。丁未冬盡,特迎之過婁度嵗,盤桓匝月,相得甚歡。於其告歸,不禁黯結,無以爲贈,染就倣古十幀,案頭偶有《少陵集》,遂取其句中與境合者題之於左,恨乏畫中有詩,深愧古人也。但馨老不善步履,留此冊聊當卧逰可耳。戊申春二月婁東王鑑識。

Artist's seals

Jian 鑑
Yuanzhao 圓照
Ranxiang An Zhu 染香庵主
Yuxin Zhai 雨新齋

Frontispiece

Wang Shimin王時敏 (1592–1680), 4 large characters in clerical script, undated; 2 seals:

The pure sound of mountains and waters. [Seals]: Wang Shimin yin, Yanke

山水清音 [印]:王時敏印、煙客

Colophons

1. Huangfu Qin 皇甫欽 (active late 17th–early 18th c.), undated:

Leaf CC (5 columns in semi-cursive script; 3 seals):

山容突兀水潺湲,大地幽人晝掩關。
似為六徑荒欲墜,遲留日月破除閒。
月在戊午初三日題,彷右軍蘭亭筆意。皇甫欽 [印]: 雲中白鶴、密、皇甫欽印

Leaf DD (5 columns in semi-cursive script; 2 seals):

四山晴潑翠,身在畫圖遊。問酒橋邊屋,聼松寺外洲。
樹根穿石罅,鳥跡聚沙頭。放眼江天表,掀髯傲五侯。
羅浮山人皇甫欽題,戲彷禇河南筆意。 [印]: 鴻雪、密欽

Leaf EE (6 columns in standard script; 3 seals):

千竿綠雪掃五月,一屋鐵樹支半天。
有人無人鳥自語,中晴中雨山長煙。
避塵隔絕岸旁俗,抱琴細寫巌下泉。
小牕蔬食對萬卷,積來蒼苔厚如錢。
彷右軍《曹娥碑》筆意。皇甫欽 [印]:鴻雪、欽、堯存

Leaf FF (5 columns in semi-cursive script; 3 seals):

碧山丹壑挂藤蘿,流水潆洄發棹歌。
相對偶然忘世事,亂山深處白雲多。
戲彷蘇坡仙筆意。皇甫欽 [印]:墨癖、皇甫欽印、堯臣

Leaf JJ (5 columns in semi-cursive script; 3 seals):

重崖飛瀑隔疎林,高閣何人對遠岑。
似我翠峰歸一夕,空江來鳥帶鐘音。
彷《聖教序》筆意。皇甫欽 [印]: 笙鶴草堂、皇甫欽印、堯臣氏

Leaf KK (5 columns in cursive script; 2 seals):

應接真無暇,山陰未足誇。亂松藏野寺,矮屋隔梅花。
雲影生深樹,泉流出淺河。停舟還撥棹,細路屈盤蛇。
皇甫欽題。戲彷米海岳筆意。 [印]: 墨癖、囗

2. Wu Weiye 吳偉業 (1609–1671), 10 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 2 seals:

此冊乃王廉州畫以贈老友陶馨之者,深得宋元三昧,為其平生得意之作。昔東坡先生曾為賈耘老畫 《古木怪石圖》 云:“有能月致米三石、酒一石終君之身者,方可與之。”此冊世不乏法眼,自有月致酒米易去,但馨之不好飲,請去酒而加以布帛,予當慫惥其割愛也。梅村吳偉業 [印]: 吳偉業印、駿公

Collectors' seals

Chen Shijin 陳式金 (active mid-19th c.)
Jiangyin Chen Shijin Jifang jiancang 江陰陳式金寄舫鍳藏
Chengjiang 澂江
Chen Shijin 陳式金
Chen Shijin yin 陳式金印
Jifang 寄舫
Chen Yiwei 陳以味

He Guanwu 何冠五 (active early 20th c.)
Guanwu zhencang 冠五珍藏

Zhang Daqian 張大千 (1899–1983)
Bufu guren gao houren 不負古人告後人

Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1906–2002)
Wang Jiqian shi shending zhenji 王季遷氏審定真蹟
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