Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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清 朱耷 (八大山人) 山水圖 冊
Landscape album

Artist:
Bada Shanren (Zhu Da) (Chinese, 1626–1705)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1699
Culture:
China
Medium:
Album of twelve leaves; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Image (each): 7 3/8 x 9 1/8 in. (18.7 x 23.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.138a–l
Not on view
A scion of a branch of the Ming imperial family, Bada Shanren became a "crazy" Buddhist monk, feigning deafness in order to escape persecution after the Ming dynasty fell to Manchu conquest in 1644. Like his cousin Shitao (Zhu Ruoji), he became an extraordinary painter, known for an expessionist calligraphic style.

In these album-size landscapes, Bada has adopted traditional themes and compositions as points of departure for his own creative improvisations. In several leaves, the sparse composition, dry brushwork, and carefully selected motifs—bare trees and an empty pavilion—allude to the late Yuan hermit-artist Ni Zan (1306–1374). Elsewhere, diagonally receding mountain masses made of simplified ovoid and cone-shaped rock forms derive from the landscape style of Dong Qichang (1555–1636). In each case, however, Bada transmuted his models, playing with spatially ambiguous patterns or adding human figures or color when least expected.
Inscription: Artist’s inscriptions and signatures (1 column in semi-cursive script on each of the ten leaves)

Painted by Bada Shanren. [Leaf A, B, C, E, F, H, J]

八大山人寫。

Bada Shanren [Leaf I, K]

八大山人


Twelve paintings done on the solstice day of the jimao year [1699], Bada Shanren. [Leaf L]

己卯至日寫十二副。八大山人

Artist's seals

Bada Shanren 八大山人 [on each leaf]

Label strip

Chu Deyi 褚德彜 (1871–1942), 1 column in clerical and 2 columns in standard script, dated 1931; 1 seal:

八大山人山水冊
寳米齋祕匧,辛未五月松窗 [印]: 禮堂

Collectors' seals

Zhou Xiangyun 周湘雲 (1878–?)
雪盦銘心之品

張大千 Zhang Daqian (1899–1983)
張爰印
大千
昕燕
張季
張爰私印
張爰
張爰
張爰
張爰
張爰
大千居士
大千居士
大千居士
爰印
大千鈢
大千
大千
大風堂漸江髡殘雪個苦瓜墨緣

Xu Wenpo 徐雯波 (Mrs. Zhang Daqian, b. ca. 1927)
徐氏小印

Ding Nianxian 丁念先 (1906–1969)
先審定
念先審定

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
顧洛阜
漢光閣

Unidentified
偶園
清玩草堂
瑞仙鑑賞書畫之印
鴻嬪掌記
London. Victoria and Albert Museum. "Chinese Painting and Calligraphy from the Collection of John M. Crawford, Jr.," June 17, 1965–August 1, 1965.

Providence. Bell Gallery, List Art Center. "The Individualists: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy of the 17th Century from the Collection of John M. Crawford, Jr.," April 26, 1980–May 18, 1980.

Asian Art Museum of San Francisco. "The Work of Zhu Da," August 22, 1990–October 28, 1990.

New Haven. Yale University Art Gallery. "The Work of Zhu Da," January 18, 1991–March 24, 1991.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The New Chinese Galleries: An Inaugural Installation," 1997.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "When the Manchus Ruled China: Painting under the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)," February 2, 2002–August 18, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Chinese Painting from the Metropolitan Collection II," May 7, 2016–October 11, 2016.

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