Art/ Collection/ Art Object

清 石濤 (朱若極) 五詩 扇頁
Five Poems

Artist:
Shitao (Zhu Ruoji) (Chinese, 1642–1707)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Culture:
China
Medium:
Folding fan mounted as an album leaf; ink on paper
Dimensions:
6 7/8 x 17 1/2 in. (17.5 x 44.5 cm)
Classification:
Calligraphy
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.152
Not on view
Shitao's versatility as a painter is matched by his broad command of ancient script types and individual earlier masters' writing styles. Unlike most of his contemporaries, who wrote in only one or two scripts, Shitao freely varied the script type, style, and scale of his writing to suit format and content.

In this fan Shitao emulates the archaic regular script of Zhong You (151–230) in the first part of his text (right half) and Zhong's follower, the fourteenth-century recluse-artist Ni Zan (1306–1374) in the second part (left half). The unmodulated brushstrokes and rectilinear forms convey an air of simplicity and purity well suited to Shitao's poems, which describe his lifelong devotion to poetry, painting, and calligraphy inspite of often straitened circumstances.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (30 columns in standard script)

寒欺茅屋雪欺貧,絕粒還堪遣谷神。
傲世不妨尋舊侶,忍飢聊復待新春。
時摧朽木渾忘倦,一笑空山自解嗔。
會得迂疎生事拙,掩關端許硯為鄰。

風雪猖狂萬馬奔,堆籬倒竹壓蓬門。
無柴燒盡過冬火,有粒煨窮養拙根。
蹟地裁詩湖雁字,破山作畫野樵痕。
空堂夜夜明如晝,魂斷梅花冷落村。

絕粒

風雪衝寒沙際天,騷壇別去思悠然。
揚鞭笑指梅花屋,下馬逢人問酒泉。
曉路漸移江岸隠,暮程初照敬亭煙。
知君高詠留題處,定入孤雲訪謫仙。
送梅耦長[梅庚,1639–1716後]歸宣城

沙篆休驚下碧空,詩人不用悵奇窮。
花生夢裏皆成雪,吟就江干正倚風。
寄去行行聊帶草,字成點點下飛鴻。
由來唼喋傳鵝慣,聽取羲之帖就籠。
蘆筆步韻

紅橋舫接雷塘路,十載傾心起廻顧。
乍可吟成遠憶君,祇今萍轉遙相悞。
文選樓高接五城,星藜長向彩毫明。
楊[雄]羽獵亦閒事,不遇君王不足名。
寄江舟都門

舊作五首呈芾斯[汪兆璋]年道長博教。大滌子濟

Artist’s seals

元濟
苦瓜

Collectors’ seals

He Guanwu 何冠五 (active 1st half 20th c.)
冠五珍藏

Liang Huiwu 梁慧吾 (20th c.)
慧吾珍藏

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
顧洛阜
漢光閣
Providence. Bell Gallery, List Art Center. "The Individualists: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy of the 17th Century from the Collection of John M. Crawford, Jr.," April 26, 1980–May 18, 1980.

Honolulu Academy of Arts. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," January 16, 1982–February 16, 1982.

Saint Louis Art Museum. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," June 22, 1982–August 22, 1982.

Santa Barbara Museum of Art. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," 1982.

Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," 1983.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.

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