Art/ Collection/ Art Object

清 石濤 (朱若極) 山水圖 扇頁
Landscape

Artist:
Shitao (Zhu Ruoji) (Chinese, 1642–1707)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1699
Culture:
China
Medium:
Folding fan mounted as an album leaf; ink and color on gold-flecked paper
Dimensions:
6 7/8 x 17 1/2 in. (17.5 x 44.5 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.153
Not on view
In the inscription on this fan, Shitao sets forth his theory of painting, "the single stroke," or "the painting of oneness (yihua)":

On a windy, rainy, spring day, I am happy I have no visitors; my hand is free, my mind relaxed and cleansed. The ancients called it yihua, the "single stroke": a thousand hills, ten thousand valleys, people, bamboo, trees,a single brushstroke and all is completed. On one level, yihua constitutes a very practical concept: a complete design begins and finishes with the single brushstroke. On a metaphysical level, it suggests that "myriad strokes are reunited in oneness" through the mind and hand of the artist and through the artist's spiritual communion with nature.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (26 columns in standard script)

高阜松杉翠削生,澗邊草綠暮煙橫。
橋通細路籬間出,風動芭蕉蕭爽情。

己卯春日風雨中,喜無賓客至,手閒心淨。古人所謂一筆畫,千丘萬壑人物草木一筆而就。有三先生博教,豎弟石濤元濟

Artist’s seals

老濤
前有龍眠濟

Collectors’ seals

Shen Cai 沈彩 (active 2nd half 18th c.)
平湖珍賞
春雨樓祕极

Pan Zhengwei 潘正煒 (1791–1850)
季彤翰墨

Liang Huiwu 梁慧吾 (20th c.)
慧吾觀之
天景樓

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
漢光閣
顧洛阜
Honolulu Academy of Arts. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," January 16, 1982–February 16, 1982.

Saint Louis Art Museum. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," June 22, 1982–August 22, 1982.

Santa Barbara Museum of Art. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," 1982.

Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago. "The Art of Chinese Folding Fans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties," 1983.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.

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