清 石濤(朱若極) 黃山三十六峰意圖 軸 Thirty-six Peaks of Mount Huang Recollected
Shitao (Zhu Ruoji) (Chinese, 1642–1707)
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Image: 81 1/16 x 31 in. (205.9 x 78.7 cm)
Overall with mounting: 126 x 38 in. (320 x 96.5 cm)
Overall with knobs: 126 x 41 1/2 in. (320 x 105.4 cm)
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1976
Not on view
Among the wide range of styles developed by Shitao is this splattered ink technique, which the artist once described as “ten thousand ugly ink dots.” In this monumental work, Shitao re-created the scenery of Yellow Mountain from memory with bold brushstrokes “written” in the robust calligraphic style of Yan Zhenqing (709–785).
For Shitao, the ultimate mountain scenery was represented by the incomparable peaks of Mount Huang, the Yellow Mountain in Anhui Province. Here, the artist recalls himself as the tireless traveler searching for exciting scenery; the seal following his signature reads: “I search out all the strange peaks to make designs [for my paintings].”
Signature: Artist's inscription on upper left edge: "36 Peaks Recollected by Qingxiang Dadizi" (nickname used in 1690's).
Artist's seals: 1. Soujin qifeng Da CaoGao (tall rectangle, intaglio [Wang and Contag, p. 426, no. 25]) 2. Xiangnian Kugua (tall rectangle, relief [Wang and Contag p. 426, no. 24])
Inscription: Outside label written by Zhang Daqian (1899–1983): "Dadizi's 'Fishing Boat (under) Pine Ridge', a genuine masterpiece."
Marking: Collectors' seals (ten in all, including): Zhang Daqian (1899–1983); Zhang Ze (1883–1940) brother of Daqian