Art/ Collection/ Art Object

清 石濤(朱若極) 黃山三十六峰意圖 軸
Thirty-six Peaks of Mount Huang Recollected

Artist:
Shitao (Zhu Ruoji) (Chinese, 1642–1707)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
ca. 1705
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 81 1/16 x 31 in. (205.9 x 78.7 cm) Overall with mounting: 126 x 38 in. (320 x 96.5 cm) Overall with knobs: 126 x 41 1/2 in. (320 x 105.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1976
Accession Number:
1976.1.1
Not on view
Among the wide range of styles developed by Shitao is this splattered ink technique, which the artist once described as “ten thousand ugly ink dots.” In this monumental work, Shitao re-created the scenery of Yellow Mountain from memory with bold brushstrokes “written” in the robust calligraphic style of Yan Zhenqing (709–785).

For Shitao, the ultimate mountain scenery was represented by the incomparable peaks of Mount Huang, the Yellow Mountain in Anhui Province. Here, the artist recalls himself as the tireless traveler searching for exciting scenery; the seal following his signature reads: “I search out all the strange peaks to make designs [for my paintings].”
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (1 column in clerical script)

Qingxiang Dadizi’s recollection of the Thirty-six Peaks
清湘大滌子三十六峰意


Artist’s seals

搜盡奇峰打草稿
鄉年苦瓜


Collectors’ seals

Zhang Ze 張澤 (1882–1940)
張澤之印
善子審定

Zhang Daqian 張大千 (1899–1983)
球圖寶骨肉情
大千之印
別時容易
大千之寳
不負古人告後人
大風堂漸江髡殘雪箇苦瓜墨緣
大千居士供養百石之一
大千供養

Illegible: 1
Douglas Dillon New York, 1976, donated to MMA
National Museum of History, Taipei. "Overseas Collections of the Art of Bada Shanren and Shitao," February 1, 1984–March 11, 1984.

Tainan Culture Center. "Overseas Collections of the Art of Bada Shanren and Shitao," March 15, 1984–March 31, 1984.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Millennium of Chinese Painting: Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," September 8, 2001–January 13, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Dreams of Yellow Mountain: Landscapes of Survival in Seventeenth-Century China," September 13, 2003–February 22, 2004.

Washington, DC. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. "Yellow Mountain: The Ever-Changing Landscape," May 31, 2008–August 24, 2008.

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(Copy after) The Sixteen Luohans

Artist: In the Style of Shitao (Zhu Ruoji) (Chinese, 1642–1707) Date: 19th–early 20th century Medium: Handscroll; ink on paper Accession: 13.220.37a, b On view in:Not on view

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