"Siège à Dossier Basculant" Armchair (model B 301)
Le Corbusier (French (born Switzerland), La Chaux-de-Fonds 1887–1965 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin)
Gebrüder Thonet GmbH
Chrome-plated tubular steel, canvas
25 1/2 x 25 1/2 x 25 1/2 in. (64.8 x 64.8 x 64.8 cm)
Purchase, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation and Robert and Joyce Menschel Family Foundation Gifts, 2003
Not on view
The Swiss-born architect Le Corbusier was a highly influential proponent of the modernist principle of rationalization in furniture. He used modern industrial methods to create standardized designs based on the manufacturing and design concepts of automobiles or ocean liners. He described the house as a "machine for living in," and referred to domestic furnishings as equipment. This chair, designed along with two other models with his associates Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand, encapsulates these principles. Called basculant because of its pivoting back support, the chair was ergonomically designed to the proportions of the human body. Its simple form, reduced to essentials and made of industrial tubular steel and canvas, reflect Le Corbusier's concept of furniture as equipment. The chair was used to furnish several of his most influential houses, including the Villa Savoye.
[Galerie Ulrich Fiedler, Cologne, until 2003; sold to MMA]
Renato De Fusco. Le Corbusier, Designer: Furniture, 1929. Woodbury, N. Y., 1977, pp. 40–41, 58–61, ill. (versions in leather and pony).
Derek Ostergard inBent Wood and Metal Furniture: 1850–1946. Ed. Derek Ostergard. Exh. cat., American Federation of Arts circulating exhibition. New York, 1987, pp. 280–81, no. 75, ill. (collection Mr. and Mrs. Al Luckett, Jr., Boulder, Co.), calls it "Armchair with tilting back (siège à dossier basculant), Model No. B301".
George H. Marcus. Le Corbusier: Inside the Machine for Living. Furniture and Interiors. New York, 2000, p. 112, figs. 137, 138 (versions in leather), 146 (installation photo).
Arthur Rüegg. Le Corbusier: Furniture and Interiors 1905–1965. Zurich, 2012, pp. 278–79, nos. 28-01-05, 28-01-06, ill. ("Fauteuil à dossier basculant).
Artist: Le Corbusier (French (born Switzerland), La Chaux-de-Fonds 1887–1965 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin)Date: ca. 1932Medium: Chrome-plated tubular steel, metal, canvas, rubber, leather, paintAccession: 2000.327a-cOn view in:Not on view