Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

清 王緣 趙之謙肖像 軸
Portrait of Zhao Zhiqian

Artist:
Wang Yuan (Chinese, active ca. 1862–1908)
Calligrapher:
Zhao Zhiqian (Chinese, 1829–1884)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1871
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
41 3/4 x 13 1/4 in. (106 x 33.7 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert Hatfield Ellsworth, in memory of La Ferne Hatfield Ellsworth, 1986
Accession Number:
1986.267.30
Not on view
Zhao Zhiqian, one of the most influential calligraphers and painters of the late Qing period, inscribed his portrait:

If the world praises me, I shall not accept such praise,Of those who try to destroy me, I shall not complain.Only the painter can capture my likeness. Hanging on the wall it will inspire people to call out, "It is Zhao, it is Zhao!" I neither walk nor sit but stand alone, and with a smile say nothing.

(Wen Fong, trans., Between Two Cultures: Late-Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century Chinese Paintings from the Robert H. Ellsworth Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art [New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2001], p. 40)

Brush vitality, not optical fidelity, was the traditional criterion for lifelikeness in Chinese painting, except in portraiture. For this reason portrait painting was traditionally held in low regard in China. The praise that Zhao, a scholar-artist, voices for the lifelikeness of his portrait testifies to the growing respect in the nineteenth century for verisimilitude as a criterion applicable in all the fine arts.
Signature: Shanyin Wang Yuan
Dated Autumn, eighth month of 1871

Artist's seals: 1. Seal of Wang Yuan (square white characters)
2. Fusheng (square red characters)

Inscription by Zhao Zhiqian:
"Some people in this world praise me. I don't accept this praise. Some people slander me. They may have the right. None of them is equal to the man who painted this portrait and hangs it on his wall. Let people say of this portrait which truly resembles me "That is Zhao!" Zhao doesn't walk or sit or speak. He just stands there smiling. Yi Weishu inscribed this in my 43rd. year."

Calligrapher's seals:
Beian (square, red characters)
Zhao Zhiqian (square, white characters)

Marking: Collector's seal: Robert Hatfield Ellsworth
Related Objects

Chinese Lily (A Page from the Jie Zi Yuan)

Artist: After a painting by Wang Yuan (Chinese, ca. 1280–after 1349) Medium: Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper Accession: CP333 On view in:Not on view

The Hundred Flowers

Artist: Attributed to Wang Yuan (Chinese, ca. 1280–after 1349) Medium: Handscroll; ink and color on silk Accession: 50.157 On view in:Not on view

Hotei

Artist: Ogata Kōrin (Japanese, 1658–1716) Date: after 1704 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.89 On view in:Gallery 228