Art/ Collection/ Art Object


Sixtus Rauchwolff (German, Augsburg 1556?–after 1629)
Augsburg, Germany
Rosewood, ivory, wood, ebony
Height: 23 in. (58.4 cm) Width: 7 in. (17.8 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph W. Drexel, 1889
Accession Number:
Not on view
The back of this Renaissance lute is constructed of twenty-five ebony or rosewood ribs with ivory spacers, and its top is Alpine spruce. It was probably originally made for seven or eight courses (pairs) of strings, but in the seventeenth century the neck, bridge, and pegbox were replaced or modified to give the instrument a Baroque configuration. In the nineteenth century, the neck was reduced, fixed frets were added, and the instrument was changed to six-strings, like on a guitar.

Sixtus Rauchwolff had an excellent reputation in his day and was a maker of lutes for the prominent Fugger family and the court orchestra in Stuttgart. A label inside the instrument identifies him as the maker and 1596 as the date of the lute. The name of Matthias Hummel, who probably made the Baroque alterations to the instrument, also appears.
Marking: 1) (MS label) "Sixtus Rauchwolff/Augustanus. Aº 1596/Manu Propa"
2) Printed repair label "Matthias Hummel Lauten= und Geigenmacher in Nürnberg Anno 1694 zugericht"
Joseph W. Drexel
"Guitar Heroes: Legendary Craftsmen from Italy to New York." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (2011), pg. 6-7, ill.

"Musical Instruments in The Metropolitan Museum." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (1978), Vol. XXXV, No. 3, pg. 12, ill.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Europe. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1904, vol. I, pg. 26.

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