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Yangqin

Maker:
Shop of Refined Tones, Guangzhou (Canton)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
Date:
19th century
Geography:
Canton, China
Culture:
Chinese
Medium:
Wood, brass
Dimensions:
L: 81.3 cm (32 in.); W: 27.9 cm (11 in.) (see card)
Classification:
Chordophone-Zither-struck-dulcimer
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.18 a, b
Not on view
This dulcimer is found in orchestras and small ensembles but is more at home in the regional opera of Guangzhou (Canton). Evidence suggests that the yangqin first appeared in the southeastern province of Guandong during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), indicating diffusion by sea from the Middle East rather than by the usual overland Silk Road. Unlike plucked lutes, which have silk or nylon strings of varying thicknesses, the yangqin has strings of copper or steel, which are beaten with flexible bamboo hammers.
Marking: 1) paper slip glued to center of table on players side, calligraphy stating: "From the Workshop of Refined Tones, in the eastern sector of Canton."
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Asia, Gallery 27. 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1903, vol. II, pg. 18.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Gallery 27. 1. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1901, vol. I, pg. 18.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments of All Nations: I. Europe, Galleries 25 and 26, Central Cases of Galleries 27 and 28. Catalogue., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, vol. 13, pg. 18.



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