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Xiao

Date:
late 19th century
Geography:
China
Culture:
Chinese
Medium:
Bamboo
Dimensions:
L. 67.6 cm (26-5/8 in.), D. ± 2.3 cm (15/16 in.)
Classification:
Aerophone-Blow Hole-end-blown flute (vertical)
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.60
Not on view
Used in Confucian ceremonies including weddings and funerals, this end blown notched flute of southeast China and Taiwan, was created by disassembling a panpipe called paixiao and placing equidistant fingerholes on each pipe. Often associated with scholars, some xiao have poems inscribed on them. The Japanese shakuhachi is said to be a descendant of the xiao, which is known as dosho in Japan.
Marking: Chinese inscription bearing a poem and the name of a writer, owner, or maker.
"Player expresses sadness when playing this flute."
Rev. Gilbert Reid ; Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Historical Groups, Gallery 39. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1905, pg. 54.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Asia, Gallery 27. 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1903, vol. II, pg. 23.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Gallery 27. 1. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1901, vol. I, pg. 23.



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