Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Dizi

Period:
Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
Date:
late 19th century
Geography:
China
Culture:
Chinese
Medium:
Bamboo
Dimensions:
L. 26 cm (10-1/4 in.)
Classification:
Aerophone-Blow Hole-side-blown flute (transverse)
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.62
Not on view
In addition to a blowhole and finger holes, the dizi, also known as di, has an extra hole covered with a membrane stripped from the inner layer of a bamboo stalk. This membrane, technically a mirliton, provides the flute with a poignant buzzing tone and helps to amplify the sound. There may also be a number of vent holes at the end, from which tassels are frequently hung. Dizi such as this one were used in kunqu opera, one of the styles that contributed to the development of Beijing opera. The two lines of poetry inscribed on this flute are from "An Autumn Night in a Moonlight Dwelling," by the Tang poet Wang Wei (699-761): Bright moon shines in the pines/ Clear stream flows over rocks. The instrument is signed by the calligrapher and/or carver, Wen Shan.
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Asia, Gallery 27. 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1903, vol. II, pg. 23.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Gallery 27. 1. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1901, vol. I, pg. 23.



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