Art/ Collection/ Art Object


late 19th century
Nusa Tenggara, Timor Island, Indonesia
Bamboo, wood, palm (Borassus flabellifera), wire
22 1/16 × 24 × 12 3/16 in. (56 × 61 × 31 cm)
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
Not on view
Among the most remarkable string instruments in Oceania is the sesando, a tubular bamboo zither with ten or eleven metal strings set in a sounding box made from the frond of a lontar palm. Collected on the Indonesian island of Timor, this sesando was likely made by a member of the local Rotinese community whose residents originated on the neighboring island of Roti. When playing, the musician uses the right hand to pluck the bass strings while the left hand plays the treble. The pitch is adjusted with a complex series of movable bridges and tuning pegs. Used at weddings and funerals, the sesando is believed to possess supernatural powers. Occasionally played as a solo instrument, this zither is predominantly used to accompany songs with verses composed in bini, a special poetic language, and refrains in ordinary Rotinese. The songs are often philosophical, portraying the world as dominated by inescapable fate and life as at times disappointing and ultimately fleeting.
Related Objects


Date: late 19th century Medium: Wood, gold leaf Accession: 89.4.1473 On view in:Not on view

Chongak Kayagum

Date: ca. 1980 Medium: Wood, silk, cotton Accession: 1982.171.1 On view in:Not on view


Date: 19th century Medium: Bamboo, wood, metal Accession: 68.62.2 On view in:Not on view


Date: 19th century Medium: Bamboo wood, metal Accession: 89.4.2957 On view in:Not on view


Artist: Prince Lu (Chinese, 1628–1644) Date: 1634 Medium: Wood (wutong and zi), silk, jade, lacquer, mother-of-pearl Accession: 1999.93 On view in:Not on view