Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Sorna

Date:
late 19th century
Geography:
Iran
Culture:
Iranian (Persian)
Medium:
wood, brass, bone, horn, reed
Dimensions:
Total L. 27.9 cm (11in.); Body L. ±26 cm (10 1/4 in.); Diam. top ±2 cm (13/16 in.) x bell ±6.2 cm (2 7/16 in.) Staple insert L. 7.5 cm (2 15/16 in.)
Classification:
Aerophone-Reed Vibrated-double reed
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.2210
Not on view
Sorna is one of many variant terms used for a double-reed instrument known as Zūrnā throughout the Arab world, Asia and southeastern Europe. Names like zukr (Tunisian), zournas (Greece), Surnai (Iran, Central Asia), Sahnāī (India) and China (sona) all are linguistically connected. Most are equipped with a disc (pirouette) located just under the reed. The player's lips press against the disc and enclosing the reed is in the mouth to facilitate breath control. The instrument is provided with a small spike to make adjustments to the reed and finger holes.
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Asia, Gallery 27. 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1903, vol. II, pg. 92.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Gallery 27. 1. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1901, vol. I, pg. 92.



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