Although not represented in Indian or Southeast Asian art, luohans (Sanskrit: arhats) play an important role in China, where they appear in both religious painting and sculpture and as a theme in the decorative arts. Originally the disciples of the Historical Buddha Shakyamuni, luohans are understood as protectors of Buddhism and the devout.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Extravagant Display: Chinese Art in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," December 14, 2010–May 1, 2011.