Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Final Transcendence (Parinirvana) of the Buddha

Artist:
Qiao Bin (Chinese, active 1481–1507)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
dated 1503
Culture:
China
Medium:
Glazed stoneware
Dimensions:
H. 14 in. (35.6 cm); W. 17 1/8 in. (43.5 cm); D. 9 in. (22.9 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
25.227.1
Not on view
According to the inscription on the back and sides of the couch on which the Buddha reclines, this depiction of the ultimate extinction of the historical Buddha was created as a private act of devotion and was originally part of a larger assemblage of figures: "In the sixteenth year of the Hongzhi reign era of the Great Ming dynasty [1503], the chan monk Huitai from Pantingshan, Xiyan, fulfilled his desire and commissioned on sleeping Buddha, one Shakyamuni, one Maitreya, one Kshitigarbha, one Avalokitshvara, and seven lofty monks. Made by Qiao [given name illegible] from Dongguan of our country." Based on other inscribed sculptures of this type, this set can be identified as coming from the Qiao family workshop in Yangcheng, Shanxi Province.
Inscription: Inscribed and dated (on the back of the base):

On the sixteenth year of the Hongzhi reign (1503) of the Great Ming, the Chan monk Huitai, of Xiyan [temple] on Pantingshan, vowed to have [the following] made:

one statue of "reclining Buddha," one statue of Sakyamuni, one statue of Maitreya, one statue of Dizang, one statue of Guanyin, [and] seven statues eminent monks.


Inscribed and signed (on the sides of the base):

[Made by] Qiao [Bin?], a daizhou from Dongguan of this county

Inscribed and dated (on the back of the base):

大明洪治十六年
盤亭山西岩
禪僧惠泰發
心造
睡佛一尊
釋迦佛一尊
彌肋佛一尊
觀音一尊
七大高僧

Inscribed and signed (on the sides of the base):

本縣東関
待招(詔)
喬囗 囗

助緣善人
Shanxi Province

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