Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Model of a Man Plowing

Period:
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
early to mid-Dynasty 12
Date:
ca. 1981–1885 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt
Medium:
Painted wood
Dimensions:
H. 20 cm (7 7/8 in.); L. 49.8 cm (19 5/8 in.); W. 19.4 cm (7 5/8 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of Valdemar Hammer, Jr., in memory of his father, 1936
Accession Number:
36.5
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 113
The peasant, feet deep in the sodden ground, trudges behind the hook-shaped plow pulled by two oxen. Ancient Egyptian plows were made of wood and had the shape of a hook. It is not possible to turn the soil with such plows, they only serve to open the ground. The ultimate aim of this kind of plowing was, therefore, to place the seeds well into the soil. Texts appear to indicate that while a plow may have been the farmer's property, the oxen were leased by state or temple institutions. Egyptians believed that they also had to work in the fields in the afterlife; and this may be the reason why a model such as this was included in among burial equipment.
Related Objects

Model Sailing Boat Transporting a Mummy

Date: ca. 1900–1885 B.C. Medium: Wood, paint Accession: 32.1.124a On view in:Gallery 109

Coffins and Mummy of the Lady Nephthys

Date: ca. 1981–1802 B.C. Medium: Painted wood, human remains, linen, mummification material Accession: 11.150.15a–c-related On view in:Gallery 112

Model Shield, Spear Case, and Spears

Date: ca. 1981–1802 B.C. Medium: Wood, stucco, paint Accession: 17.9.3–.11-related On view in:Gallery 112

Model of a House

Date: ca. 1750–1700 B.C. Medium: Pottery Accession: 07.231.10 On view in:Gallery 113

Shabti box and shabtis

Date: ca. 1279–1213 B.C. Medium: Painted wood, limestone, and ink Accession: 86.1.14-related On view in:Gallery 126