Shabti of Yuya
- New Kingdom
- Dynasty 18
- reign of Amenhotep III
- ca. 1390–1352 B.C.
- From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Valley of the Kings, Tomb of Yuya and Tjuyu (KV 46), Davis/Quibell & Weigall excavations, 1905
- Cedar, gold, paint
- H. 26.5 cm (10 7/16 in.)
- Credit Line:
- Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915
- Accession Number:
In 1905 Theodore M. Davis, an American from Providence, R.I. who was sponsoring excavations in the Valley of the Kings, discovered an intact tomb (KV 46) that contained the burials of Yuya and Tjuyu. Although not of royal ancestry themselves, Yuya and Tjuyu were the father and mother of Queen Tiye, who became the principal wife of Amenhotep III, the mother of Akhenaten, and the grandmother of Tutankhamun. As in-laws of the king, they were given a well appointed burial in the royal cemetery.
The majority of the objects from the tomb are now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, but Davis was allowed to keep a small portion of the finds including three shabtis (30.8.56–.58), two shabti boxes (30.8.59, .60), and a set of shabti tools (30.8.61–.64). Carved of cedar, with the face, part of the headdress, and necklace covered with gold foil, this shabti is the most sumptuous of the three. It has been inscribed with the chapter six of the Book of the Dead, the shabti spell that ensures the shabti will take Yuya's place if he is required to perform agricultural labor in the afterlife.
Other pieces from the tomb that are now in the Museum's collection include two sealed storage jars (11.155.7 and 11.155.9), and a pair of sandals (10.184.1a, b).