Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Scarab of Hatnefer

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18, early
reign of Thutmose II–Early Joint reign
ca. 1492–1473 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tomb of Hatnefer and Ramose (below TT 71), Mummy of Hatnefer, underside of left forearm, MMA excavations, 1935–36
Glazed steatite
L. 2.5 cm (1 in.); wW 1.8 cm (11/16 in.); H. 1.1 cm (7/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1936
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 116
This finely carved scarab was worn as a bracelet. It would have been fastened with a double loop of linen cord that ran lengthwise through amulet between the legs and body of the beetle. The scarab and cord were found pressed against Hatnefer's left forearm. The base of the scarab is incised with with the pattern of an elaborately coiled cobra and two "nefer" hieroglyphs (meaning "good" or "beautiful").
Two rings (36.3.3, 36.3.4) and a second scarab (36.3.6) were also found on Hatnefer's mummy.
Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1935–1936. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1936.

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