Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Scarab with Lion-headed Goddess Protecting Maatkare

Period:
New Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 18
Reign:
Joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III
Date:
ca. 1479–1458 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Hatshepsut, Foundation Deposit 7 (G), MMA excavations, 1926–27
Medium:
Steatite (glazed)
Dimensions:
H. 1.7 cm (11/16 in); w. 1.2 cm (1/2 in); h. 0.7 cm (1/4 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1927
Accession Number:
27.3.232
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 116
During the 1926-1927 excavation season, the Museum's Egyptian Expedition uncovered three foundation deposits along the eastern enclosure wall of Hatshepsut's funerary temple at Deir el-Bahri in Western Thebes. Among the contents were 299 scarabs and stamp-seals. Sixty-five of these are now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, and the rest were acquired by the Museum in the division of finds.

Among the inscriptions on the bases of these scarabs and seals are examples of every title Hatshepsut held, from the time she was "king's daughter" during the reign of her father, Thutmose I; through the time she was queen of her half-brother, Thutmose II; and during her regency and co-reign with her nephew/step-son, Thutmose III.

The inscription on the base of this scarab records Hatshepsut's throne name, Maatkare, enclosed in a cartouche. A lion-headed winged goddess, perhaps Sakhmet, protects the king with outstretched arms. Between the goddess and the cartouche is a shen hieroglyph (eternity, protection). The non-descript shape above the goddess may be intended to represent a winged sun-disk. The name Maatkare may be roughly translated as Maat (the goddess of truth) is the life force of Re (the sun god).
Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1926–1927. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1927.

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