Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Mummy Board of Tabakmut

Third Intermediate Period
late Dynasty 21
ca. 1000–950 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb MMA 60, Chamber, burial 2 (coffins of Tabakmut), MMA excavations, 1922–24
Wood, paint, gesso
L. 171 cm (67 5/16 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 126
This mummy board was found inside Tabakmut's outer and inner coffins (25.3.10a, b and 25.3.11). When the excavators opened the inner coffin, they found that the face, wig, and hands of this board had been chopped off because they prevented the funeral party from closing the lid. Fortunately, most of the pieces had been tucked inside the box, so the face and hands at least could be restored.

As on the inner and outer coffins, the deceased wears a striated wig with fillet, but in this case he has a short trapezoidal wig attached to his chin, rather than the long curled version seen on the inner coffin. This may indicate that he should be thought of as a mortal, rather than a divinized being. Beneath the elaborate collar that covers the shoulders and neck, the board is divided by bands of inscription into square sections containing religious scenes. Tabakmut's name has not been added to any of these inscriptions.
Museum excavations 1923–24. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1925.

Winlock, Herbert E. 1924. "The Egyptian Expedition 1923–1924: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes." In The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 19, no. 12 (December, Supplement), p. 28.

Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2007. Inschriften der Spätzeit, Teil I: Die 21. Dynastie. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, p. 246, cat. 11.115.

Aston, David 2009. Burial Assemblages of Dynasty 21–25: Chronology – Typology – Developments. Contributions to the chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, vol. 21, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie, 56. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, p. 201.

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