Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Partial female head

Period:
Late Period–Ptolemaic Period
Date:
400–200 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt; Possibly from Memphite Region, Memphis (Mit Rahina)
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
H. 20.6 cm (8 1/8 in.); W. 16.7 cm (6 9/16 in.); D. 13.9 cm (5 1/2 in.)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926
Accession Number:
26.7.1402
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 134
Small Late Period and Ptolemaic reliefs or sculptures that depict a subject in a partial or unfinished way but are themselves finished objects constitute a special class of object. Guidelines like those for artists are often prominently exhibited as part of the object, although, in fact, many instances can be noted where the object simply could not serve as a suitable model for a traditional formal Egyptian representation. Personifications of kingship, figures that may represent the now emerging demigods Imhotep and Amenhotep Son of Hapu, and popular gods like Harpokrates or Isis, are heavily represented within the corpus.

Taken together, the figures represented and the other features indicate the reliefs and sculptures of this class, sometimes called by Egyptologists "sculptor’s models / votives," were the material of a donation practice, perhaps connected with the prolific temple building of these centuries. Unfortunately there is little to illuminate us about the mechanics of such a donation practice.

The identity of the female with the elaborate bobbed hairstyle, her head terminating prematurely just above the brow - is puzzling. There is no named figure or deity with whom she can be associated, although the figure type may have precursors among female figurines of the Third Intermediate Period and Late Period.
Acquired by Lord Carnarvon (d. 1923) in Cairo. Carnarvon Collection purchased by the Museum from Lady Carnarvon, 1926.

Lythgoe, Albert M. 1927. "The Carnarvon Egyptian Collection." In The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 2 (February), p. 40 (photo).

Young, Eric 1964. "Sculptors' Models or Votives?: In Defense of a Scholarly Tradition." In The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 7 (March), pp. 254–255, fig. 12.

Albersmeier, Sabine 2002. Untersuchungen zu den Frauenstatuen des Ptolemäischen Ägypten. Mainz am Rhein, p. 171 n. 88.

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