Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Fragmentary decree of King Neferkauhor

Period:
Old Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 8
Reign:
reign of Neferkauhor
Date:
ca. 2103–2101 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Northern Upper Egypt, Qift (Quft, Keft; Coptos); inc. el-Qala, Temple of Coptos
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
H 43.2 × W 40.6 × D 8.9 cm (17 × 16 × 3 1/2 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of Edward S. Harkness, 1914
Accession Number:
14.7.13
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 103
The royal decrees 14.7.10-.14 were were set up in the gateway of the temple of Min at Coptos, and were buried carefully beneath the floors of the temple later in its history.

This stone contains parts of three edicts. The most interesting publishes the fact that the Vizier Shemay's wife Nebyt is given the title of King's chief daughter, that is, princess, and will have a body-guard and precedence at court. Apparently the title request was made by Shemay himself, and may have been made when he himself ascended to the vizirate. Such titular princesses were not actually close relations of the royal family..
[nTr.j]-bA.w
[wD-nswt n...]mr.j-nTr jr.j-pa.t...[Sma.j]
...[xtm]...
...zA.t nswt sms.t
Xkr.t-nswt wa.tjt nb.jt
Netjeribau (Neferkauhor)
[Royal Decree to...God's Beloved, Nobleman [Shemay]
...[seal]ed
...King's Eldest Daughter, Sole Ornament of the King, Nebit

j(w)=s m zA.t-nswt sms.t Xkr.t-nswt wa.tjt
tp(.j)-a ky.wt nswt [n] mj.tt=s m sAr n HA.tj...
jm.j-r' mSa Xrdnj m stp-zA
jw rDi(=i) jw.t smr-wa.tj Hm.j jni-jtj=f [r=s]
She is the King's Eldest Daughter, Sole Ornament of the King,
taking precdence over all other royal (women),
[without] equal, through the wish of the Mayor...
Overseer of the Military Kherdeni in the Palace...
(I) cause the coming of the Sole Companion Hemy's (son) Intef concerning it.
jw wD.n [Hm=i] DD=k jr.t wjA n wsr.wy n mH...
...Xnw n.tt m zpA.t...Xr
(My) Majesty ordered that you cause a barque of Two-Powers (probably the two gods of Copos Min and Horus) to be made for of...cubits...
...the court which is in the nome...under...
Notes:
Another fragment of the stela was found and published (see Urk I, 298-99). It contains another reference to the barque and a section probably extending broad powers to Shemay allowing him to confer and revoke official appointment and honor at his own discretion.
Niv Allon 2016
Purchased in Lulxor from Zaki Mohareb Todrous, 1914.

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