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Scarab Inscribed for the God's Wife Hatshepsut

Period:
New Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 18, early
Reign:
Joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III
Date:
ca. 1479–1458 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Hatshepsut, Foundation Deposit 7 (G), MMA excavations, 1926–27
Medium:
Steatite (glazed)
Dimensions:
L. 1.6 cm (5/8 in.); W. 1.2 cm (1/2 in.); H. 0.7 cm (1/4 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1927
Accession Number:
27.3.187
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 116
The inscription on the base of this scarab reads: God's Wife, Hatshepsut. In the late Seventeenth early Eighteenth Dynasties, the title God's Wife was held by the principal queen or the queen mother. Hatshepsut inherited the title while she served as principal queen of her half-brother, Thutmose II. Later, shortly after she took on the titles of king, Hatshepsut passed the title on to her daughter, Neferure (see scarab 27.3.325).
Slight variations of the same inscription may be found on two others scarabs (27.3.185, 27.3.186) and a cowroid seal amulet (27.3.191). Although the hieroglyphs are not in exactly the same configuration, they have been carved in a similar fashion. For example, the seated figure leans back and both of her arms are indicated. For different versions of the same inscription, see 27.3.174-27.3.184, 27.3.188-27.3.190.
Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1926–1927. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1927.

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