松竹桜家紋蒔絵櫛台 Cosmetic Stand with Pine, Bamboo, and Cherry Blossom from a Wedding Set
Edo period (1615–1868)
early 19th century
Lacquered wood with gold, silver takamaki-e, hiramaki-e, cut-out gold foil on nashiji ground
H. 10 5/8 in. (27 cm); W. 12 1/2 in. (31.8 cm); D. 10 1/8 in. (25.7 cm)
Frederick C. Hewitt Fund, 1910
Not on view
This cosmetic stand, part of a wedding trousseau, comprised of thirty-one pieces, represents late Edo-period maki-e (decoration in gold and/or silver sprinkled powder) art at its finest. The Shimazu family, lords of Satsuma in Kyushu, ordered this traditional trousseau most likely for Taka-hime, who was married to Matsudaira Sadakazu, lord of Kuwana (Ise Province), around 1830. The items of the wedding set are decorated with various auspicious motifs. The evergreen pine represents longevity and also symbolizes renewal. The fast-growing, springy, but at the same time very strong and enduring bamboo also stands for longevity and represents endurance and strength. The plum blossoms are the first flowers of spring, representing the renewal of nature. The combination of the "Three Friends of Winter"—originating from China—is associated with celebration, and considered to be an auspicious symbol. Cherry blossoms, admired in Japan for their subtle color and the fact that they fall at the peak of their beauty, also have auspicious connotations. The combination of the pine, bamboo, and cherry motifs (reflecting more of the Japanese aesthetic than the Chinese) is very rare. The explanation for the unusual matching might be related to the Matsudaira family crest, which is a stylized plum flower in a circle. The medicine chest and the medicine box show a different pattern, chrysanthemums beside a river, which refers to the legend of the Chrysanthemum boy, Kikujidou, symbolizing the achievement of immortality by drinking chrysanthemum dewdrops. This wedding set can be divided into four groups according to iconography, with several subgroups according to function. All of the groups include decoration executed in gold and silver maki-e on a pear-skin background, and all have the designs of the two family crests. The most simply decorated of the groups features semi-high and flat maki-e, as well as foil application. Another group of works has decorations of pine, bamboo-grass, plum blossoms, and demonstrates the use of an additional technique, that of line drawing. A third group of lacquers has the motif of chrysanthemums by a river. This more complex group includes not only all of the techniques seen in the second group, but also techniques such as gradation-sprinkling, geometric gold foil cuttings, and carving with gold or silver foil application. The most elaborate group consists of lacquers decorated with pine, bamboo, and cherry blossoms, and employs all of the decorative techniques of the third group. In addition, the insides of this last group of objects are executed in the pear-skin technique, and their silver fittings are covered with black lacquer at spots. Most of the fittings show the Matsudaira family crest on a rapeseed background; some fittings feature both Shimazu and Matsudaira family crests. Arabesque patterns are also depicted on some of the fittings. (10.7.1–.32)
Signature: Inscription on small knife: Tsuchihashi Hōki no Kami Minamoto Kaneyoshi. (maker of the blade)
William Churchill Oastler , New York (until 1900; sale, American Art Association, 13 April 1900, no. 629, to Kaldenberg).; [ F. W. Kaldenberg and Sons , NY, 1910; sold to MMA].
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Mighty Kano School: Orthodoxy and Iconoclasm," December 18, 2004–June 5, 2005.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Metropolitan Vanities: The History of the Dressing Table," December 17, 2013–April 13, 2014.
Artist: Maki-e by Yūtokusai Gyokkei (Japanese, (active early–mid-19th century))Date: mid-19th centuryMedium: Four cases; lacquered wood with gold and silver hiramaki-e on gold lacquer ground Netsuke: lacquered wood with inlay of a snail on bamboo Ojime: metal bead with birdsAccession: 36.100.246On view in:Gallery 223
Artist: Ganbun (Japanese, active until 1870s)Date: mid-19th centuryMedium: Single case; lacquered wood imitating bamboo with pewter and silver inlay and gold hiramaki-e Netsuke: bamboo; lacquered wood with gold hiramaki-e and stained ivory inlay Ojime: snail; copperAccession: 13.67.10On view in:Gallery 223