Name Panels from the Inner Wall of Senwosret I's Pyramid Complex
reign of Senwosret I
ca. 1961–1917 B.C.
From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht South, Pyramid Temple of Senwosret I, MMA excavations, 1907–34
34.1.205: 419.1 x 117.5 cm (165 x 46 1/4 in.)
34.1.206: 441.3 x 104.8 cm (173 3/4 x 41 1/4 in.)
34.1.207: 416.9 x 26.7 cm (164 1/8 x 10 1/2 in.)
34.1.208: 438.5 x 116.8 cm (172 5/8 x 46 in.)
Rogers Fund, 1909, 1933, 1934
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 110
On both its inner and outer faces the stone enclosure wall around the pyramid of Senwosret I at Lisht was decorated with one hundred relief panels, four of which have been reconstructed here using excavated fragments. The panels represent an image of the world according to ancient Egyptian beliefs. Between the fertile land below and the falcon of the sky above lies the realm of the pharaoh, symbolized by the ornate facade of his palace. Each rectangular field above the palace facade contains Senwosret's Horus name, "Living in births." The two panels on the near side of the gallery door also proclaim his throne name, Kheperkare ("The evolution of Re's life force"). The king's birth name, Senwosret ("Man of the powerful [goddess]"), is added to his Horus name on the panel closest to the window.
To fit the available space in the gallery, the distance between the panels, once between 14 and 14 1/2 feet, has been much reduced, as has been the original height of 17 1/4 feet.
Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds.
Winlock, Herbert E. 1935. "New Egyptian Rooms." In The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 30, no. 9 (September), p. 176.
Arnold, Dieter and Peter Jánosi 2015. "The Move to the North: Establishing a New Capital." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, n. 42.