Jacob Stainer (Austrian, Absam ca. 1617–1683 Absam)
Spruce, maple, blackwood
Height (of body, excluding neck): 17 3/16 in. (43.7 cm)
Width (of body at widest point): 10 3/16 in. (25.8 cm)
Depth (of ribs at widest point): 1 7/8 in. (4.7 cm)
Purchase, Robert Alonzo Lehman Bequest, Fletcher Fund, 2012 Benefit Fund and Beatrice Francais Gift, 2013
Not on view
Jacob Stainer is known as the "Father of the German violin" and his instruments were favorites of the Bach and Mozart families. They remained the most sought-after violins and violas in the world until the beginning of the 19th century. Stainer’s instruments are characterized by their very full arching, vertical f-holes with well-proportioned eyes and by their meticulous workmanship throughout. During the 17th century, violas were true tenor instruments with large bodies and often had tall ribs. As repertoire became more demanding, makers built smaller violas and cherished old instruments were cut down. This viola is one of the few surviving from the 17th century that has not been reduced in size.
[ Walter Küssner ]
Jayson Kerr Dobney, Bradley Strauchen-Scherer. Musical Instruments: Highlights of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. First Printing. @2015 by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. New York, 2015, pp. 68-69, ill.