Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

清 王原祁 為瞻亭畫七發妙劑圖 軸
Landscape for Zhanting

Artist:
Wang Yuanqi (Chinese, 1642–1715)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1710
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 37 1/2 × 18 1/2 in. (95.3 × 47 cm) Overall with mounting: 92 5/8 × 25 1/4 in. (235.3 × 64.1 cm) Overall with knobs: 92 5/8 × 29 in. (235.3 × 73.7 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Marie-Hélène Weill and Guy A. Weill, 2011
Accession Number:
2011.574
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 216
A talented landscape painter and theorist, Wang Yuanqi inherited the mantle of orthodoxy from his grandfather, Wang Shimin (1592–1680). A high government official, he also played an important role in establishing the orthodox style as the standard for court painting under the Kangxi emperor (r. 1662–1722).

Wang derived his basic composition for this painting from the Yuan master Huang Gongwang (1269–1354), but he reduced the earlier artist's landscape forms to geometric shapes arrayed in twisting and turning echelons that set the entire mountainscape in motion. Contrasting colors and shifting ground planes further animate the composition.

Wang's inscription suggests that he took particular pleasure in completing this painting: The way of brush and ink is such that if it is not
the product of lofty and profound ideas and a happy and relaxed mood, when [the artist] adds dots and washes, his mind and hand will not respond to one another. In accord with this principle, the ancients often put away their inkstones and laid aside their brushes, often for years at a time, if the right occasion did not arise. My colleague Zhanting entrusted me with some celi paper a long time ago, but I was distracted by official business. This spring I was recuperating from illness at home. Mr. Zhanting's marvelous medicinal compound worked like the seven stimulants. I recovered immediately, feeling fully vitalized, and was able to fulfill my old promise. I note this in hopes that he will not admonish me for my tardiness.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (11 columns in semi-cursive script)

筆墨一道非寄託高遠,意興悅適,經營點染時,心手便不相關。古人於此,每櫝硯閣筆,動以經年,亦機緣未到也。
瞻亭年兄見付側理甚久,每為公冗所稽。今春養痾邸舍,瞻兄妙劑可當七發,霍然而起,頗得淋漓之致,可以踐宿諾矣。書以識之,勿以遲遲見誚也。庚寅寒食前筆。婁東王原祁

Artist's seals

御書畫圖留與人看
王原祁印
麓臺
西廬後人

Label strip

Wu Hufan 吳湖帆 (1894–1968), 1 column in semi-cursive script, dated 1948:

王麓臺為瞻亭畫 《七發妙劑圖》 真跡,戊子九月吳湖帆題。

Collector’s seal

Kuai Shoushu 蒯壽樞 (active early 20th c.)
蒯壽樞家珍藏
Related Objects

Fishing in River Country at Blossom Time

Artist: Wang Yuanqi (Chinese, 1642–1715) Date: dated 1709 Medium: Handscroll; ink and color on paper Accession: 1989.363.157 On view in:Not on view

Wangchuan Villa

Artist: Wang Yuanqi (Chinese, 1642–1715) Date: dated 1711 Medium: Handscroll; ink and color on paper Accession: 1977.80 On view in:Not on view

Landscape after Wu Zhen

Artist: Wang Yuanqi (Chinese, 1642–1715) Date: dated 1695 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 1989.363.156 On view in:Not on view

Landscape in the Styles of Huang Gongwang and Gao Kegong

Artist: Wang Yuanqi (Chinese, 1642–1715) Date: dated 1705 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 1972.278.6 On view in:Not on view