Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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清 那爾敦布 順治皇帝進京之隊伍賽馬全圖 卷
Horsemanship Competition for the Shunzhi Emperor

Artist:
Nardunbu (Manchu, active mid-17th century)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
dated 1662
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
8 x 655 in. (20.3 x 1663.7 cm) Height of painting with paper mounting: 9 3/8 in. (23.8 cm); height of painting with brocade mounting: 12 in. (30.5 cm); frontispiece: 8 x 12 3/8 in. (20.3 x 31.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 2002
Accession Number:
2002.328
Not on view
This long handscroll documents one of the celebratory events accompanying the entrance of the Shunzhi emperor (r. 1644–61) into Beijing shortly after the fall of the Ming dynasty to the Manchus. Painted by a Manchu artist, it is among the earliest examples of Qing courtly painting known and suggests the unsophisticated nature of Manchu art prior to the sinicization of the court under the Kangxi emperor (r. 1662–1722). The scroll is not only of great historical interest but also serves as a striking foil to The Kangxi Emperor's Southern Inspection Tour (acc. no. 1979.5) of about 1697, which reflects the impact of mainstream Chinese culture on court patronage.

The painting which is probably a preparatory sketch, presents a file of horsemen each performing a different riding stunt (below). At the right end two rows of imperial bodyguards flank two horsemen who are about to perform. Five men blow conches to announce the next rider, while two officers, one identified by a peacock feather in his cap, direct. Each rider was originally accompanied by two label strips naming his pose and military unit. All of the horsemen belong to one of the three highest-ranking of the eight "banners" that divided the Manchu army.
Inscription: Artist’s inscriptions (106 columns in standard script)

單奇引

廂黃旂 玉女囗囗
Bordered Yellow Banner

廂黃旂 左右瀍
左右囗
Bordered Yellow Banner

正白旂 大鵬展翅
Plain White Banner

正黃旂 單騎標
Plain Yellow Banner


金鞭囗囗

懷中抱月

金雞獨立

追柳尾

繞鬃三扣

囗囗旂 大三色

蝶舞天空

單插花

囗囗旂 四合昇平

垂鈎釣魚

玉瓶倒掛

廂黃囗 太極圖
Bordered Yellow Banner
順馬指鞭

魁星繫斗

囗囗旂 跋步趕[足產]

雙柳合鬃

奪搠柳

蝴蝶閙梅

樂享太平

雙弓柳

四起叠落

囗囗旂 騎鬃觔斗

正白旂 彩雁雙飛
Plain White Banner

廂黃旂 昇平寳筏
Bordered Yellow Banner

廂黃旂 鵲雀登枝
Bordered Yellow Banner

正黃旂 十樣錦
Plain Yellow Banner
探海

正白旂 劉海繫蟬
Plain White Banner

正白旂 彩石磯
Plain White Banner

廂黃旂 半翅蜂
Bordered Yellow Banner
臥馬停鋒

正黃旂 翠柳倒垂
Plain Yellow Banner

正黃旗 金鈎掛玉
Plain Yellow Banner

正白旂 平沙落雁
Plain White Banner

支弓貫耳

廂黃旂 白猿教刀
Bordered Yellow Banner

跨馬來朝

馬上倒立

正黃旂
Plain Yellow Banner

正白旂
Plain White Banner

四方寧靜

廂黃旂 背看巧雲
Bordered Yellow Banner

廂黃旂 三獻奇寳
Bordered Yellow Banner

正黃旂 雙花垂柳
Plain Yellow Banner

正黃旂 金線垂柳
Plain Yellow Banner

正白旂 站馬三色
Plain White Banner

黃鶯亮翅


廂黃旂 站馬擊板
Bordered Yellow Banner

廂黃旗 隔肚穿箭
Bordered Yellow Banner

正黃旂 臥馬擊掌
Plain Yellow Banner

正黃旗 鐙裡藏身
Plain Yellow Banner

正白旗
Plain White Banner
連鞭換手

廂黃旂 六囗

桃柳爭春

廂黃旂 叠落金錢
Bordered Yellow Banner

正黃旂 六囗

三星献瑞
Plain Yellow Banner
判官脫靴

正白旂 順風托柳
Plain White Banner

面花纏腰

廂黃旂 夜叉探海
Bordered Yellow Banner
現藏身舒掌

隻手擧仙

正黃旂 拉柳
Plain Yellow Banner

正黃旗 仙人觀景
Plain Yellow Banner

正白旂 順馬舒掌
Plain White Banner

推窻望月

廂黃旂 琵琶玉 現改凱奏昇平
Bordered Yellow Banner
張仙打彈


正黃旂 站馬背纛
Plain Yellow Banner

正黃旗 鳳凰展翅
Plain Yellow Banner

正白旂 望月献寶
Plain White Banner

正白旗 過嶺尋梅
Plain White Banner

廂黃旂 囗囗觔斗
Bordered Yellow Banner

左右帽子
正黃旂 移山倒海 正黃 現改 八方安靜
Plain Yellow Banner

臥馬索鶯

正白旂 白猿獻桃
Plain White Banner

正白旗 囗囗摘桃
Plain White Banner

廂囗囗 站馬持刀
Bordered Yellow Banner

廂黃 現改 立馬舞刀
Bordered Yellow [Banner]

穿胸

正黃旂 囗囗囗鶯
Plain Yellow Banner

八囗 雁啣珠


正白旂 三陽開泰
Plain White Banner

正白旗
Plain White Banner

廂黃旂 全三色
Bordered Yellow Banner

仙人過橋 正黃 現改 仙人觀景

正黃旂 班衣戲彩
Plain Yellow Banner

囗囗囗花 正黃 單插花

正白旂 囗馬舉盔
Plain White Banner

正白旗 換虎囗囗 正白 現改 過嶺尋梅
Plain White Banner

廂黃旂
Bordered Yellow Banner

正黃旂 囗花雙秀
Plain Yellow Banner

過江柳

站馬擊鼓

站馬吹笛

正黃旂總帥
The Commander in Chief of the Plain Yellow Banner


Label strip

Unidentified Artist, 2 columns in standard script, dated 1662:

Complete illustration of the military horsemanship competition held when the Shunzhi Emperor entered the capital [Beijing], painted by Nardunbu of the Plain Yellow Banner in the first year of the Kangxi reign era (1662) of the Great Qing dynasty.

大清康熙元年正黃旗那爾敦布繪順治皇帝進京之隊武蹇馬全圖。


Frontispiece

Unidentified Artist, 3 characters in standard script, undated:

Bordered Yellow Banner

廂黃旗
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