Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Woman's Robe with Phoenixes and a Tree

Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
18th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Silk satin embroidered with silk and metallic thread
Dimensions:
46 1/2 x 68 in. (118.1 x 172.7 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Bequest of William Christian Paul, 1929
Accession Number:
30.75.21
Not on view
In ancient Chinese lore, phoenixes appear only during the reign of a just and benevolent emperor, signifying a time of peace and prosperity. Instead of singing in the paulownia tree of that tradition, however, the phoenixes decorating this Chinese robe flock among the branches of an imaginary tree blooming with flowers of all the seasons. Parts of the tree even seem to be turning into dragons. The supernatural theme continues at the hem, where two qilin—fantastic hooved animals—leap above the waves.

The lanterns hanging from the tree branch at about hip level suggest that this colorfully embroidered garment may have been worn for the Lantern Festival in the middle of the first lunar month.
William Christian Paul , the Bronx, NY (until d. 1929)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Great Waves: Chinese Themes in the Arts of Korea and Japan II," March 22, 2003–September 21, 2003.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Costumes and Accessories of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)," August 8, 2007–October 28, 2007.

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