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清 倣龔賢 山水圖 冊
Landscapes

Artist:
Gong Xian (Chinese, 1619–1689)
Calligrapher:
Inscribed by Gong Xian (Chinese, 1619–1689)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
ca. 1688
Culture:
China
Medium:
Album of six paintings; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Each: 8 3/4 x 17 3/8 in. (22.2 x 44.1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Sackler Fund, 1969
Accession Number:
69.242.16–.21
Not on view
Gong Xian fled Nanjing when the city fell to the Manchus in 1645, and during this chaotic period, several members of his family perished. "Preserved through reclusion and purified in retirement," Gong came to terms with himself as an yimin, "leftover subject," under the new Qing dynasty.

The loose treatment of landscape elements in this album, as defined by bold contour lines and repetitive clusters of dots, is indicative of its late date, probably around 1688. The contrast between pale ink washes and dark dots that enabled Gong to achieve both incredible density and translucency in his paintings is echoed by the contrasting dark and pale passages in his poetic inscriptions, which reflect the artist's spontaneous reinking of his brush.
Inscription: Artist’s inscriptions and signature

Leaf A (5 columns in semi-cursive script):

家在江南黃葉村,此詩題也。獨不可從筆頭寫成乎。

Leaf B (2 columns in semi-cursive script):

借問住山人,山多雲較多。
住山人復我,無奈白雲何。

Leaf C [No Inscription]

Leaf D (5 columns in semi-cursive script):

一層明月照秋江,
跳躑徐窺銀鯽雙。
醉後老漁歌一曲,
梨園婀娜不成腔。

Leaf E (2 columns in semi-cursive script):

山足抱迴廊,依山五里長。
歸來帶明月,初去趁斜陽。

Leaf F (2 columns in semi-cursive script):

儘似漁郎歸去後,
空船拋在月明中。
龔賢


Artist’s seals

龔賢印 (Leaf A, C, D, E, F)
半千 (Leaf B, F)


Collector’s seals

Hu Xiaozhuo 胡小琢 (19th c.)
胡小琢藏 (Leaf A, B, C, F)
得一軒藏 (Leaf F)
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