Image: 26 5/8 x 11 1/8 in. (67.6 x 28.3 cm)
Overall with mounting: 89 x 18 1/8 in. (226.1 x 46 cm)
Overall with knobs: 89 x 21 in. (226.1 x 53.3 cm)
The Lin Yutang Family Collection, Gift of Richard M. Lai, Jill Lai Miller, and Larry C. Lai, in memory of Taiyi Lin Lai, 2005
Not on view
All his life, Xu Beihong championed the revitalization of Chinese painting through an integration of Western-style realism and Chinese brush techniques. Here, using sharp tonal contrasts of ink and white paper, Xu's swift rendition of this noble steed embodies the spirit of a traditional "ink play." The horse's naturalistic pose is deftly captured in abbreviated brushwork. The chiaroscuro modeling of its form is more subjective than scientific, but the horse's accurate anatomy and the convincing foreshortening of its body reflect Xu's solid grounding in Western academic art. The hauteur of the unleashed, unmounted animal isessentially Western in character, whereas its mane and tail, blowing unnaturally in opposite directions, attests to the artist's ultimately subjective (Chinese) approach.
Xu's passionate images of horses, a traditional symbol of Chinese martial spirit, were intended to inspire patriotic resistance during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45). Here, for example, the artist reveals his own sense of frustration by adding a poem by Du Fu (712–770) that describes a famous breed of war horses that had been put to pasture because of their old age despite their continued willingness to fight:
Nanshi [in Gansu province] is a congenial habitat for heavenly horses; Tens of thousands of them are always stalwart. Floating clouds expand across the vast frontier; Autumn grasses grow tall over the mountains. I have heard that the pure bloodline of dragon-horses Lives on in the aging Sushuang horse. Neighing sadly longing to fight, It stands tall facing the sky.
(trans. by Shi-yee Liu)
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (17 columns in semi-cursive script)
Nanshi [in Gansu Province] is a congenial habitat for heavenly horses; Tens of thousands of them are always stalwart. Floating clouds expand across the vast frontier; Autumn grasses grow tall over the mountains. I have heard that the pure bloodline of dragon-horses Lives on in the aging Sushuang. Neighing sadly longing to fight, It stands tall facing the sky.
For the compassionate youngster Wushuang [Lin Taiyi] to keep. In the autumn of the renwu year  Beihong wrote the poems by old Du [Fu].
Li Ming 黎明 (Richard M. Lai, 1920–2011) and Lin Taiyi 林太乙 (Taiyi Lin Lai, 1926–2003) Li Lin 黎林
 Documentation from Shi-yee Liu, Straddling East and West: Lin Yutang, A Modern Literatus: The Lin Yutang Family Collection of Chinese Painting and Calligraphy, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, no. 8, p. 53.
 Sushuang is a generic name for great horses.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Modern Chinese Paintings," January 15, 1943–March 14, 1943.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Bridging East and West: The Chinese Diaspora and Lin Yutang," September 15, 2007–February 10, 2008.