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近代 倣錢選早秋圖 卷
Early Autumn after Qian Xuan (Fang Qian Xuan Zaoqiu tu)

Artist:
Yu Jingzhi (Chinese, 1890–after 1967)
Artist:
after Qian Xuan (Chinese, ca. 1235–before 1307)
Date:
Dated 1938
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 7 5/16 x 41 1/4 in. (18.6 x 104.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Lin Yutang Family Collection, Gift of Hsiang Ju Lin, in memory of Taiyi Lin Lai, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.510.3
Not on view
Yu Jingzhi is one of the best-known female artists to practice traditional Chinese painting in the first half of the twentieth century. Born in Hangzhou, she became familiar with the highly descriptive local tradition of academic painting based on the court art of the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279). She moved to New York in 1936, and held several one-person shows in New York, Boston, and Chicago through the 1960s. This work is a meticulous monochrome copy of Early Autumn, a handscroll in the Detroit Institute of Arts that bears a signature of the early Yuan (1279–1368) master Qian Xuan (ca. 1235–before 1307). Depicting an autumnal lotus pond abuzz with lively inhabitants, the painting juxtaposes life and decay to convey the transient nature of all living things. Zhang Daqian wrote a frontispiece in his striking calligraphy. Lin Yutang contributed a colophon that reads:

[Yu] Jingzhi, a female scholar and artist, is descended from a highly cultured family. Though living in the United States for many years, she has never abandoned her former practice. She gave me her copy of Shunju's [Qian Xuan's] painting. It truly captures the feeling that insects, plants, and other myriad creatures all live their lives to the full, even though they are ephemerae between heaven and earth just like me. In the early summer of the yisi year [1965], Lin Yutang inscribed.

(trans. by Shi-yee Liu)

Zhang Daqian (1899–1983)
Frontispiece

Pure Harmony on the Jade Pond

"Elder sister" [Yu] Jingzhi's copy of Qian Shunju's [Qian Xuan, ca. 1235–before 1307] painting is very close to the original. Respectfully inscribed by her junior, Daqian, Zhang Yuan

Lin's colophon reads:

[Yu] Jingzhi, a female scholar and artist, is descended from a highly cultured family. Though living in America for many years, she has never abandoned her former practice. She gave me her copy of [Qian Xuan's] painting. It truly captures the feeling that insects, plants, and other myriad creatures all live their lives to the full, even thought they are ephemerae between heaven and earth just like me.

(trans. Shi-yee Liu)
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (1 column in standard script)[1]

Yu Jingzhi painted in the winter of the wuyin year [1938].

戊寅冬月余靜芝寫。

Artist’s seals

Yu Zhen 余真
Jingzhi 靜芝

Frontispiece

Zhang Daqian 張大千 (1899–1983) 4 large characters followed by 4 columns all in semi-cursive script, undated; 1 seal:

Pure harmony on the Jade Pond

My “elder sister” Ms. [Yu] Jingzhi’s copy of Qian Shunju’s [Qian Xuan, ca.1235–before 1307] painting is so close to the original. I inscribed it respectfully, your junior, Daqian, Zhang Yuan.

玉潭清韻
靜芝大姊臨錢舜舉筆, 咄咄逼真,謹為題此。大千弟張爰 [印]:張大千常年大吉又日利

Colophon

Lin Yutang 林語堂 (1895–1976), 9 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1965; 1 seal:

[Yu] Jingzhi, a female scholar and artist, is descended from a highly cultured family. Though living in the United States for many years, she never abandons her former practice. She gave me her copy of Shunju’s [Qian Xuan] painting. It truly captures the feeling that insects, plants, and other myriad creatures all live their lives to the full, even though they are ephemerae between heaven and earth just like me. In the early summer of the yisi year [1965], Lin Yutang inscribed.

靜芝女史家學淵源,來美多年不墮舊業,以所臨舜舉圖贈余。此圖正得草蟲萬物各盡其性命之情,蚍蜉天地上猶我也。乙巳初夏林語堂記。 [印]: 有不為齋


[1] Documentation from Shi-yee Liu, Straddling East and West: Lin Yutang, A Modern Literatus: The Lin Yutang Family Collection of Chinese Painting and Calligraphy, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, no. 12, p. 61.
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