Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Twenty Tirthankaras: Folio from a Kalpasutra Manuscript

Date:
15th century
Culture:
India (Gujarat)
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
Overall: 4 3/8 x 10 5/8 in. (11.1 x 27 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1955
Accession Number:
55.121.38.22
Not on view
The Kalpasutra singles out for special mention four tirthankharas: the first, original jina, Rsabhanatha, and the last three, Neminatha, Parshvanatha, and Mahavira. They are given extensive biographies, especially Mahavira. The twenty in between are grouped together, as depicted serially here. Their biographical information is not provided, but the cosmic lapse of time between each of their appearances on earth is. They are shown seated in meditation, bejeweled, and framed by a pair of pendant red lotus buds, perhaps denoting their perfected being and siddha status.
Related Objects

Devananda's Fourteen Auspicious Dreams Foretelling the Birth of Mahavira: Folio from a Kalpasutra Manuscript

Artist: Master of the Jaunpur Kalpasutra (Indian) Date: ca. 1465 Medium: Opaque watercolor on paper Accession: 1992.359 On view in:Not on view

Krishna Revels with the Gopis: Page from a Dispersed Gita Govinda (Song of the Cowherds)

Date: ca. 1630–40 Medium: Opaque watercolor and silver on paper Accession: 2003.165 On view in:Gallery 251

Shiva and Parvati Playing Chaupar: Folio from a Rasamanjari Series

Artist: Devidasa of Nurpur (active ca. 1680–ca. 1720) Date: dated 1694–95 Medium: Opaque watercolor, ink, silver, and gold on paper Accession: 57.185.2 On view in:Not on view

Leaf from a Kalpa Sutra (Jain Book of Rituals)

Artist: Bhadrabahu (Indian, died ca. 356 B.C.) Date: 15th century Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper Accession: 57.51.38.1 On view in:Not on view

Leaf from a Kalpa Sutra (Jain Book of Rituals)

Artist: Bhadrabahu (Indian, died ca. 356 B.C.) Date: 15th century Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper Accession: 57.51.38.5 On view in:Not on view