Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

釋迦文殊普賢十大弟子像
Shaka, Monju, Fugen and the Ten Great Disciples (Jūdai Deshi)

Period:
Kamakura period (1185–1333)
Date:
14th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 42 x 22 1/8 in. (106.7 x 56.2 cm) Overall with mounting: 77 1/2 x 30 in. (196.9 x 76.2 cm) Overall with knobs: 77 1/2 x 32 in. (196.9 x 81.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Sue Cassidy Clark, in honor of Dr. Barbara Brennan Ford, 2009
Accession Number:
2009.156
Not on view
The enlightened historical Buddha Shaka (Sanskrit: Shakyamuni) is enthroned and flanked by his ten chief disciples and his bodhisattva attendants—Fugen (Samantabhadra), on a white elephant, and Monju (Manjushri), atop a lion. The attendants serve as the Buddha’s active agents in this world: Fugen represents Buddhist practice, while Monju stands for its wisdom, particularly in the form of meditation and teaching. The pyramid of figures, with the transcendent Shaka at the apex and axis, projects the enduring nature of the faith. The subtle contrast between the broad-shouldered stasis of the Buddha and the animation of the bodhisattvas and their mounts is a visual interpretation of the figures’ theological significance.

This richly painted icon, rendered in fine pigments and gold on silk, demonstrates how Japanese Buddhist painting of the medieval era was directly influenced by Chinese Buddhist painting of the Song dynasty (960–1279).
Inscription: (on lid of inner storage box) 釋迦文殊普賢十大弟子 巨勢大納言金圖筆

(on lid of outer storage box) 釋尊文殊普賢十大弟子像 巨勢大納言金圖筆 一幅
Mika Gallery
Related Objects

Emperor Xuanzong's Flight to Shu

Date: mid-12th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk Accession: 41.138 On view in:Gallery 210

Aizen Myōō

Date: 14th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold, and cut gold leaf on silk Accession: 66.90 On view in:Not on view

Portrait of Shun'oku Myōha (1311–1388)

Date: ca. 1383 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk Accession: 2007.329 On view in:Not on view

Cicada on a Grapevine

Artist: Bokurin Guan (Japanese, active late 14th century) Date: late 14th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.58 On view in:Not on view

Three Poems from the “Later Collection of Japanese Poems” (Gosen wakashū), or “Shirakawa Fragment” (Shirakawa-gire)

Artist: Traditionally attributed to Monk Saigyō (Japanese, 1118–1190) Date: late 12th century Medium: Page from book, mounted as hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.233 On view in:Not on view