Signature: Xinyou Xia wu yue Zude Jing Xie; Yizhai Zong Shu Si ba Shi Wu Ling Shou Du.
Approximate translation: Date [1381, 1441, 1501, 1561 or 1621], summer of the fifth month, Zude [painter's name] humbly painted; Yizhai, great, great-grand-uncle [probably the painter's] at 85 years old- birthday picture. (A. Priest).
There is a choice of years for the inscription date. Xinyou appears once in a cycle of 60 years throughout the Ming dynasty. Mr. Priest says that as far as he knows, this is the only portrait which has both the name of the person and that of the painter.