Inscription: Inscriptions on the back:
There is the consecration mantra ōṃ a hūṃ in the top corners for the secondary Bodhisattvas and a consecration mantra may also be part of the central mantras written in the shape of a stūpa.
Underneath is a two line inscription in headless letters (dbu-med) written in red ink. It is astonishing how clear and set off this inscription appears in comparison to the rather dull back of the rest of the thangkas back.
spyan snga tshul khrim 'bar gyis sku phyang nas ma 'o gzim
chung shar ma'i lha me sr/nyug ma’o|
There are a number of unusual features in this inscription, in particular the usage of more distanced letters without indicating a break in the sentence by a shad. Indeed, the ‘o essentially appears to function as a break between two sentences and the problematic last three syllables are set off as well.
The inscription is said to note that it was personally consecrated by Tshul-khrims-'bar (1038-1103), one of the three major disciples of 'Brom-ston (1004-1064) and that it was hung on the eastern wall of his residence (JCS).
However, as far the inscription can be interpreted to date it is clear that nothing is said of a consecration and it certainly does not say that the mentioned sPyan-snga Tshul-khrims-‘bar was responsible for such a consecration. In fact spyan-snga, literally meaning ‘in the personal presence of’, is part of Tshul-khrims-‘bar’s name, as can readily be seen by its usage in the Blue Annals. If this sentence is intended to identify the represented teacher depicted on the front, then the agentive particle following the name is a grammatical error and needs to be read as connective (gyi instead of gyis). However, as long as the end of the sentence remains puzzling this is just tentative.
The second sentence then states, similar to the inscription on 1993.479, that this thangka is/ replaces the god of the small dwelling in the east.
The last three syllables remain unclear.
Also the stūpa shaped mantras in ornamental script still need to be deciphered.
C. Luczanits, Saturday, May 22, 2004