Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (2 columns in seal script)
On the tenth day of the third lunar month in the bingwu year of the Zhizheng reign era [April 20, 1366] Zhang Yu painted Spring Clouds at the Pine Studio.
1. Wu Gui吳珪 (late 14th c.), 3 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:
Master Zhang [Yu], an elegant and tasteful man,
Painted wonders with delicate brushwork in his Pine Studio.
Poetry often evokes painting,
But how is it compared with the poetry evoked by painting?
Inscribed by Wu Gui [Seals]: Wu Gui, Zhixing
吳珪題。 [印]： 吳珪、志行
2. Qing emperor Qianlong清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795), 7 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1764; 2 seals:
Gorgeous gilt pavilions reach the clouds;
Spring pines outside the studio brim over with green.
The human world certainly has no realms like this;
It must be somewhere I visited in my precious life.
Inscribed by the Emperor on New Year’s Day of the jiashen year [February 2, 1764]. [Seals]: Ji xia yiqing, Qianlong chenhan
甲申新春御題。 [印]： 幾暇怡情、乾隆宸翰
Shen Zhou 沈周 (1427–1509)
Shen Zhou 沈周
Zhu Zhichi 朱之赤 (active mid-17th c.)
Zhu Zhichi jianshang 朱之赤鑑賞
Diyi xiyou 第一希有
Qing emperor Qianlong清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795)
Sanxi Tang jingjian xi 三希堂精鋻璽
Yi zisun 宜子孫
Shiqu baoji 石渠寳笈
Qianlong yulan zhi bao 乾隆御覽之寳
Qianlong jianshang 乾隆鑑賞
Chen Lüping 陳履平(active 1st half of the 18th c.)
Tan Zhai 坦齋
Dayao Chen shi 大姚陳氏
 Translations from Department records.